achievements of women Current Affairs - 2020

Challenger Deep

The Astronaut and Oceanographer Kathy Sullivan recently reached the deepest point in the ocean, Challenger Deep. With this she has become the first woman to reach the deepest point in the earth.


In 1984, Kathy made her space walk debut and became the first woman to walk in space. Now by reaching Challenger Deep she has created a new record of first person in the world to walk in space and also reach the deepest point on the earth. She is also the first woman to reach the deepest point in the ocean.

Challenger Deep

Challenger Deep is the deepest point in the Earth’s sea bed. It is at a depth of 10,902 metres. It is named after the British Royal Navy survey Ship HMS Challenger that recorded its depth for the first time.

Lieutenant Don Walsh and Swiss scientist Jacques Piccard were the first to dive into Challenger Deep in 1960. In 2012, the Titanic director James Cameron was the first to complete his solo submarine dive to the spot.

Challenger Deep is located in the Western Pacific Ocean in the southern end of Mariana Trench. It is in the ocean territory of Federated States of Micronesia.


Micronesia is a sub region of Oceania. It is made of 1000s of small islands. It has a tropical marine climate. There are 4 main archipelagos in the sub region. They are Caroline Islands, Mariana Islands, Gilbert Islands and Marshall Islands. The Mariana Trench is located in the Mariana Islands.

Web- Wonder Women Campaign

The Ministry of Women and Child Development, Government of India has launched an online campaign Web- Wonder Women to discover and celebrate the exceptional achievements of women, who have been driving positive agenda of social change via social media.

About the Campaign

The features of the Web- Wonder Women campaign are:

  • Through the campaign, the Ministry aims to recognize the fortitude of Indian women stalwarts from across the globe who have used the power of social media to run positive & niche campaigns to steer a change in society.
  • The Campaign is aimed at encouraging, recognizing and acknowledging the efforts of these meritorious Women.
  • The Campaign has been launched by the Ministry of Women and Child Development, Government of India in association with the NGO Breakthrough and Twitter India.
  • Based on the nominations received from a large number of categories including Health, Media, Literature, Art, Sports, Environmental protection, fashion, the entries would be shortlisted. Then the shortlisted entries will be open for public voting on Twitter. The finalists would then be selected by the panel of judges.

Breakthrough NGO

Breakthrough NGO is a global human rights organization working to end violence against women and girls. Some of the well-known programmes of the NGO are Bell Bajao! (Ring the Bell!), Nation Against Early Marriage, Deport The Statue, #ImHere.