Act East Policy Current Affairs - 2020

Manipur- the major role player of Act East Policy

India has been focusing on Act East Policy lately with a strong motive of developing the North East. Out of all the North Eastern States, Manipur has evolved the major supporter of Act East Policy.

Measures

The GoI and the Manipur Government have taken several measures together in order to make the Act East Policy a big success. The integrated Check Post was inaugurated at Moreh, the Indo-Myanmar border. The Check post handles 99% of trade between Indian and Myanmar. The trade between the countries increased by 10% in a decade.

Both India and Myanmar have agreed to open nine borders between the countries. Two Hunar HAats have been established in the border districts of Manipur. Around 69 bridges have been constructed that helps in transiting to Myanmar and enhance border trade. Imphal-Mandalay flight services have begun.

Act East Policy

The Act East Policy was launched as the Look East Policy in 1991. Through the North East States India plans to increase its trade connectivity with ASEAN countries. The Kaladan Multi-Modal Transit project, India-Myanmar-Thailand trilateral highway are some of the projects that has taken trade between the countries to next level.

BIMSTEC: Conference on Combating Drug Trafficking inaugurated

On February 13, 2020, Union Minister Amit Shah launched the BIMSTEC Conference on Combating Drug Trafficking in New Delhi. The event was organized by the Narcotics Control Bureau. The Conference was attended by other BIMSTEC partners Bangladesh, Myanmar, Bhutan, Nepal, Thailand and Sri Lanka.

Highlights

The main objective of the conference is to control the illicit drug trading plaguing Bay of Bengal states. India has taken lead in organizing the conference.

Significance

The Conference is important because India is currently focusing on Act East Policy and Neighbourhood Policy. The BIMSTEC platform acts as a platform for India to achieve its objectives.

Also, there is need for such conferences and multilateral initiatives as drug trafficking globally has reached 400 billion USD. In the last 10 years, drug addiction has increased by 30%.

India’s Measures

In order to control drug trafficking in the country, India has adopted Zero Tolerance Policy. India has also taken steps at international level. For instance, India is a member of INTERPOL (International Criminal Police Organization).