Addis Ababa Current Affairs - 2019

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World Press Freedom Day observed on 3 May

The World Press Freedom Day 2019 is observed on 3 May 2019. It is being jointly organized by UNESCO, African Union Commission and Government of Ethiopia. The year 2019 marks 26th celebration of WPFD. The main event is being held at African Union Headquarters at Addis Ababa.

The World Press Freedom Day

It is observed to raise awareness about importance of freedom of press and freedom of expression as fundamental human rights. WPFD reminds governments of their obligation to respect and uphold right to freedom of expression defined under Article 19 of Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948.

Objective: It aims celebrating fundamental principles of press freedom, assessing state of press freedom worldwide, defending media against attacks on their independence, and to pay tribute to journalists who have lost their lives while doing their duty.

Theme for World Press Freedom Day 2019 was “Media for Democracy: Journalism and Elections in Times of Disinformation”. It examines current challenges faced by media at the time of elections, and media’s potential in supporting peace and reconciliation processes.

Background

In December 1993 UN General Assembly (UNGA) following the recommendation of UNESCO’s General Conference proclaimed 3 May as World Press Freedom Day. Since then is celebrated worldwide every year.

‘May 3’ was selected to commemorate adaptation of ‘The Windhoek Declaration’ (a draft by African journalists for development of a Free, Independent and African Pluralistic Press) on 3 May 1991.

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India-Africa Health Sciences Collaborative Platform

India and the African Union have signed an MoU to initiate and strengthen the cooperation in the health sector in a structured and organised manner by establishing the India-Africa health sciences collaborative platform.

Following the deliberations at the first India-Africa Health Sciences Meet in 2016, Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) had taken up the mandate to initiate and strengthen the cooperation in the health sector in a structured and organized manner by establishing an India-Africa Health Sciences Collaborative Platform (IAHSP). The MoU signed aims to formalise this partnership by establishing a framework.

The India-Africa Health Sciences Collaborative platform would focus on training and strengthening capacity of health professionals, researchers, regulators and industry staff, support research collaborations for developing preventive tools and improved diagnostics for diseases which are regional priorities in India and Africa.
African Union.

African Union

The African Union (AU) is a continental union consisting of 55 member states located in the continent of Africa. African Union was founded on 26 May 2001 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and launched on 9 July 2002 in South Africa. The African Union replaced the Organisation of African Unity (OAU), established on 25 May 1963.

The African Union was established for accelerating the process of integration in the continent to enable it to play its rightful role in the global economy while addressing multifaceted social, economic and political problems compounded as they are by certain negative aspects of globalisation. All UN member states based in Africa and on African waters are members of the African Union.

Month: Categories: InternationalUPSC

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