Africa Current Affairs - 2020

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Africa Union Summit held at Addis Ababa

The African Union Summit was held in Addis Ababa, capital of Ethiopia to tackle terrorism in the continent. The Summit is important for India as India has recently signed the defence agreement, Lucknow Declaration with 50 African countries at DefExpo 2020. India is planning considerable investment in Defence sector in the regions of African Union.

Highlights

The African leaders met in Addis Ababa to discuss increasing terrorism in Africa. The leaders met in Addis Ababa under the theme

Theme: Silencing the Guns

This year the chair is being assumed by South Africa. The 2020 summit has adopted 8 resolutions as follows

  • Compromise with the United Nations over co-funding in peace operations
  • To support elections in Ethiopia and to mediate events of disputes
  • To deter leaders in Guinea to use Constitutional Amendments to hold on to power
  • To help to calm Burkina Faso’s insurgency
  • To push Somali Government towards regional compromise
  • To press East African heads to support South Sudan peace process
  • To support Sudan transition by supporting deal between civilian leaders and security forces.

2019 Major Crises

The Peace and Security Council of the Africa Union intervened with the Sudan’s Revolution and also helped to produce an agreement between Central African Republic and the rebels.

African Union

The creation of African Union was revived under the leadership of Libyan head Muammar Al-Gaddafi. The Union was established through Sirte Declaration.

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Facts Box: Lucknow Declaration of India-Africa Defence Ministers’ Conclave

The India-African Nations Defence Ministers’ Conclave was held at the side lines of DefExpo India 2020. The Conclave adopted Lucknow Declaration in the presence of Union Defence Minister Rajnath Singh. The Declaration was signed by 50 African Nations.

Highlights

Under the declaration, the leaders called on to set up Defence Academies in countries such as Nigeria, Tanzania and Ethiopia. In order to achieve this, training teams are to be deployed. The teams are to be deployed in Mauritius, Seychelles, Zambia, Namibia, Botswana, Lesotho, Tanzania and Uganda.

The leaders appreciated the Africa India Field Training Exercises. The first ever AFINDEX was held in March 2019.

Defence and Maritime Cooperation

The leaders agreed to strengthen their cooperation in building the African Standby Forces and also to support peace keeping centres in Africa. The African Leaders also agreed to increase the involvement of troop contribution in UN peace keeping missions.

The importance of oceans was also recognized by the leaders. They agreed to increase their cooperation in preventing piracy, disaster, maritime crimes, securing sea and unregulated fishing.

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