Africa Current Affairs - 2020

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Okavango Delta: UNESCO’s 1,000th World Heritage Site

UNESCO has inscribed the Okavango Delta in Botswana on its World Heritage Site List. It is the 1,000th site to be bestowed with this status.

Okavango Delta

Location: Northwest Botswana, Africa on Okavango River

The delta has rich biodiversity and is home to cheetah, white rhinoceros, black rhinoceros, African wild dog and lion – all of which are endangered. Around 24 species of globally-threatened birds can also be seen in the delta.

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Ebola virus kills over 300 in West Africa: WHO

As per World Health Organization (WHO), the deadly Ebola virus has killed 337 people in West Africa so far. The region has reported 14 deaths and 47 new cases. Guinea is worst-hit with 264 Ebola-related deaths. In Sierra Leone, there have been 49 deaths and in Liberia 24.

The outbreak of the virus began in southern Guinea’s Guekedou region, but has now spread to its neighboring countries.

There is no cure or vaccine for Ebola – one of the world’s deadliest viruses. As per WHO, the virus spreads by close contact and has high rate of between 25% and 90%, depending on the strain of the virus.

Symptoms include internal and external bleeding, diarrhoea and vomiting.

Ebola virus disease (EVD)

  • Symptoms include high fever, bleeding and central nervous system damage
  • Death rate can reach 90%
  • 2 to 21 days of Incubation period
  • No vaccine, No cure
  • Supportive treatment such as rehydration by administering fluid and electrolytes can help recovery
  • Fruit bats are considered to be the natural host of the virus

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