Africa Current Affairs - 2020

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Mali readmitted into African Union

African Union (A.U.) readmitted Mali after a meeting of the A.U. Peace and Security Council [AUPSC].

Why Mali’s membership was annulled? 

  • Mali’s membership was suspended by imagethe African Union after a coup in the country in March 2012 when a military junta seized power even as two thirds of Mali slipped into the control of a coalition of armed groups and organized gangs.
  • The military junta behind the power seize had claimed that the existing dispensation was unable to tackle the insurgents in the north.
  • Since then, the junta has allowed for a transitional all-party government and has urged for pan-African assistance to re-establish control of its territory.

What is the stand of AUPSC?

  • The African Union Peace and Security Council (AUPSC) backed a comprehensive plan to stabilize Mali using an African-led international force to end the conflict, and to re-establish a democratic government by holding free and transparent elections in the first quarter of 2013.

What is the problem in Northern Mali?

  • Northern Mali has continuously slipped into disorder since late 2011, when gangs involved in smuggling and drug trafficking struck up alliances with a variety of armed groups such as Tuareg combatants, some from Libyan Army of the Qadhafi regime, al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM).
  • As per to A.U. reports, the hard-line Islamist groups, supported by drug traffickers, like the Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa (MUJAO), appear to have dominance in the region.
  • The conflict has led to the displacement of hundreds of thousands of civilians.

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Persons in News: Nkosazana D. Zuma

First woman chief of African Union

imageNkosazana Clarice Dlamini-Zuma became the first woman to take office as the Chairperson of the African Union Commission (AUC) at the A.U. headquarters in Addis Ababa.

She is a South African politician and former anti-apartheid activist.

She became the first woman to lead the organization (including its predecessor, the Organization of African Unity)

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