AFSPA Current Affairs - 2019
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The Iron Lady of Manipur Irom Chanu Sharmila (44) ended her 16-year-long hunger strike for repealing of the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA) of 1958 from Manipur.
After ending her16-year-long hunger strike, she announced that she wants bring some positive changes in the state by actively participating in politics and contesting elections.
About Irom Chanu Sharmila
- Born on 14 March 1972 in Imphal, Manipur. She is a civil rights activist, political activist, and poet.
- She is famously known as the Iron Lady of Manipur and also as Mengoubi (the fair one).
- She had started hunger-strike at the age of 28 following a massacre in Malom, Imphal in which innocent 10 persons were killed by the Assam Rifles in November 2000.
- Her main demand was for repealing Armed AFSPA, 1958 from her state which provided immunity to armed forces with regard to their actions.
- Since November 2000, Sharmila was forcefully fed through nasal tube. She is the world’s longest hunger striker, as she had refused food and water for more than 500 weeks.
- Awards and Honours: Gwangju Prize for Human Rights (2007), Mayillama Award (2009), lifetime achievement award (2010) from the Asian Human Rights Commission, Rabindranath Tagore Peace Prize (2010) etc.
For more details: AFSPA
The Supreme Court of India has ruled that army and paramilitary forces cannot use excessive and retaliatory force during counter-insurgency operations in disturbed areas declared disturbed under the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA), 1958.
The verdict was given by SC bench of Justice Madan B. Lokur and Justice Uday Umesh Lalit on the plea filed by the Extra Judicial Execution Victim Families Association (EEVFAM).
In the plea EEVFAM had sought a SIT probe into the killing of 1,528 persons by the Manipur Police and security forces since 1978.
Supreme Court Ruling
- The use of excessive force or retaliatory force by the armed forces of the Union or Manipur Police is not permissible.
- Criminal courts have the jurisdiction over cases of alleged excesses by security forces which earlier were under blanket of immunity provided by AFSPA.
- Armed forces should refrain from resorting to excessive fire power in counter-insurgency operations.
- When state uses such retaliatory force leading to death of people, it is referred to as an extra-judicial killing or an extra-judicial execution or as it is called administrative liquidation.
For more details: (i) AFSPA (ii) Analysis of AFSPA