AFSPA Current Affairs - 2019
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The Union Government has launched National Green Highways Mission (NGHM), a plantation drive around 1500 km of National Highways.
It was launched by the Union Minister of Road Transport & Highways and Shipping Nitin Gadkari in New Delhi.
About National Green Highways Mission
- NGHM was launched under the Green Highways Policy, 2015 to provide a holistic vision of developing eco-friendly and green National Highways.
- The mission aims to provide a green canopy along 100,000 km of highways and create jobs for 1 million youth.
- It has been initiated to engage corporates, Public Sector units, Government organizations and other institutions for developing green corridor along National Highways through plantation and allied activity on median, avenue and other available nearby land patches .
- The funds for the mission will be met by Green Fund corpus which is 1 per cent of the total project cost set aside for plantation purposes
- Potential: The afforestation across National Highways is expected to help in sequestering approximately 12 lakh metric ton carbon annually.
- It will also generate jobs and can be a game-changer for agriculture and rural economy.
- In future, the mission will be linked with the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee scheme.
Besides, the minister also launched ‘Adopt a Green Highway’ Program, ‘Kisan Harit Rajmarg Yojana’ and National Green Highways Mission Mobile App.
Kisan Harit Rajmarg Yojana: It is a pilot scheme to extend green belt beyond the existing ‘Right of Way’ of highways. It seeks to engage farmers and also provide alternative livelihood option to the nearby communities.
Union home ministry has declared entire Nagaland state as a ‘disturbed area’ for one year period with an immediate effect from June 30, 2015.
The state was declared as “disturbed” area under Section 3 of the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, 1958. With this declaration the armed forces get powers to search, raid and arrest anyone without a warrant.
This decision was taken after Naga rebel outfit, Nationalist Socialist Council of Nagaland- Khaplang (NSCN-K) had ambushed on Indian Army convoy killing 18 Army personnel in in Chandel district of Manipur in June 2015.
Indian Army had retaliated this attack with cross-border surgical strikes against NSCN(K) and allied outfits in Myanmar region near Indian border.
Union government also has initiated the process to reimpose ban on NSCN(K) under the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act, 1967. This ban will help the security establishment to crack down upon the outlawed elements and also freeze their assets and properties.