Agni-II Current Affairs - 2019

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Pakistan successfully test fires Shaheen-1 surface-to-surface ballistic missile

Pakistan conducted successful test launch of Shaheen-1 surface-to-surface ballistic missile. The test was conducted part of a training exercise aimed at testing the operational readiness of Army Strategic Forces Command for ensuring Pakistan’s credible minimum deterrence. The test come days after India conducted the first night trial of Agni-II surface-to-surface medium range nuclear-capable missile having strike range of 2,000 km.

About Shaheen-1 missile

It is a land based supersonic short-range ballistic missile (SRBM). It has been jointly designed and developed by joint venture of Pakistan’s National Engineering and Scientific Commission (NESCOM) and National Defence Complex (NDC).  Its design is reportedly based on Chinese M-9 missile. It was first tested in April 1999.

It derives its name after a species of Falcon found in the mountains of Pakistan. It is also designated as Hatf IV. It is capable of delivering all types of warheads (conventional as well as nuclear). It has strike range of 650 KMs, bringing a number of Indian cities under its range. It is propelled by a two-stage solid-fuel rocket motor.

India completes Agni II test fire successfully

India on November 11, 2019, conducted its first night trial of AGNI II missile successfully. It is the first night trial being tested by the country. The nuclear capable missile was tested at the Abdul Kalam Island of Odisha Coast.

Highlights

  • The missile was developed by DRDO (Defence Research and Development Organization)
  • The surface-to-surface medium range nuclear capable missile was tested by the Strategic Forces of the Indian Army.
  • The missile is capable of striking range of 2,000 km. It can carry payload of 1,000 kg and launch a weight of 17 tonnes. It is 20 meters long and is a two-stage missile.
  • It is an IRBM (Integrated Range Ballistic Missile) and has already been inducted into the armed forces

AGNI Missile

Agni II missile is a part of series of Agni missile with a range of 2,000 km. The range of Agni I is 700 km, Agni III is 3,000 km. The ranges of Agni IV and Agni V are longer

The first test firing of Agni II missile was done in 1999. In 2010, the first test fire of nuclear capable Agni II ballistic missile was conducted successfully.