Agni Missile Current Affairs - 2019
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India successfully test fired its indigenously developed Agni- 5 missile on 3rd June. The missile was launched from Dr Abdul Kalam Island off the Odisha coast. Agni missile is a surface to surface missile and is launched with the help of mobile launcher of the Integrated Test Range at Dr Abdul Kalam Island formerly known as Wheeler Island. This is the 6th test fire of the state-of-the-art Agni 5 missile.
The trial was a great success. The missile hit its target with great accuracy after covering its full distance. The entire flight was monitored by radars, tracking instruments and observation stations.
Key Facts: Agni-5 Missile
Agni 5 ballistic missile is the brainchild of Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). It is the most advanced in the series.
- Agni-5 is a nuclear capable long range missile with new technologies in terms of navigation and guidance, warhead and engine. The three stage, 17- meter tall, two-meter wide Agni-5 missile has a range of Agni-5 missile is 5000 km. It can carry a nuclear warhead weighing up to 1.5 tonnes.
- Agni-5 uses Ring Laser Gyro based Inertial Navigation System RINS. It is the most modern and gives very high accuracy. The Micro Navigation System or MINS helped the missile reach its target with precision.
- Other features of Agni- 5 missile include, a high speed on- board computer, fault tolerant software and a robust reliable bus. The advanced computer and the inertial navigation system are the highlights of the missile as they aid in precision of the path.
The missile is highly reliable, has longer shelf life and enhanced mobility compared to the other versions. Agni-1 has a range of 700 km, Agni-2 with a 2000 km range, Agni-3 and 4 have a range of 2500 km to 3500km.
Indigenously developed nuclear capable surface-to-surface ballistic missile Agni-I was successfully test-fired from Dr Abdul Kalam Wheeler Island off the Odisha coast.
The user trial of the strategic missile was carried out by the Strategic Forces Command (SFC) of Indian Army.
About Agni I Missile
- Agni-I is the first missile of the Agni series launched in 1983 by the DRDO as part of Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP) in India.
- Powered by both solid and liquid propellants and can be fired from road and rail mobile launchers.
- Features: weighs around 12 tonnes and is 15-metre-long. Designed to carry both conventional and nuclear payload of about 1000 kg.
- Can travel at a speed of 2.5 km/s and can destroy targets nearly 700 km away.
- Equipped with sophisticated navigation system which helps to navigate missile to hit the target with a high degree of accuracy and precision.
The Agni I missile already has been inducted into armed forces and claimed to be a part of the India’s minimum credible deterrence under No first to use policy.