Agni Missiles Current Affairs - 2020

India completes Agni II test fire successfully

India on November 11, 2019, conducted its first night trial of AGNI II missile successfully. It is the first night trial being tested by the country. The nuclear capable missile was tested at the Abdul Kalam Island of Odisha Coast.

Highlights

  • The missile was developed by DRDO (Defence Research and Development Organization)
  • The surface-to-surface medium range nuclear capable missile was tested by the Strategic Forces of the Indian Army.
  • The missile is capable of striking range of 2,000 km. It can carry payload of 1,000 kg and launch a weight of 17 tonnes. It is 20 meters long and is a two-stage missile.
  • It is an IRBM (Integrated Range Ballistic Missile) and has already been inducted into the armed forces

AGNI Missile

Agni II missile is a part of series of Agni missile with a range of 2,000 km. The range of Agni I is 700 km, Agni III is 3,000 km. The ranges of Agni IV and Agni V are longer

The first test firing of Agni II missile was done in 1999. In 2010, the first test fire of nuclear capable Agni II ballistic missile was conducted successfully.

India successfully conducted night trial of Agni-I ballistic missile

India has successfully carried out night user trial of Agni-I short-range nuclear-capable ballistic missile. The test flight was conducted by Indian Army’s Strategic Forces Command off Abdul Kalam Island in Bay of Bengal, off the coast of the Indian state of Odisha. The test was second known nighttime trial of Agni-I since its first such successful test in April 2014.

Agni-I missile

Agni-I is short range nuclear capable surface-to-surface ballistic missile. It is first missile of the Agni series launched in 1983. It was developed by premier missile development laboratory of DRDO in collaboration with Defence Research Development Laboratory and Research Centre Imarat and integrated by Bharat Dynamics Limited, Hyderabad.

It weighs 12 tonnes and is 15-metre-long. It is designed to carry payload of more than one tonne (both conventional and nuclear warhead). It is single stage missile powered by solid propellants. It can hit a target 700 km away. Its strike range can be extended by reducing the payload. It can be fired from road and rail mobile launchers.

It is equipped with sophisticated navigation system which ensures it reaches the target with a high degree of accuracy and precision. The missile already has been inducted into armed forces. Since its induction it has proved its excellent performance in terms of range, accuracy and lethality. It is also claimed to be a part of India’s minimum credible deterrence under No first to use policy.