Agni Series Current Affairs - 2019
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India successfully test-fired its home-grown long range intercontinental surface-to-surface nuclear capable ballistic missile Agni-5.
The state-of-the-art surface-to-surface missile was test fired successfully from the launch complex 4 of the Integrated Test Range from the Abdul Kalam Wheeler Island off Odisha coast. It was the fourth developmental and second canisterised trial of the missile.
About Agni-5 missile
- Agni 5 is three-stage solid propellant ICBM indigenously developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
- Unlike other missiles of Agni series, Agni-5 is the most advanced having new technologies incorporated with it in terms of navigation and guidance, warhead and engine.
- It is about 17 metre long, 2 metre wide and has launch weight of around 50 tonnes. It is capable of striking a target more than 5,000 kilometres with nuclear warhead carrying capacity of more than 1 tonne.
- Thus, it can hit most northern parts of China and other parts of Asia, Europe and Africa. It has not yet inducted into the Services.
- It carries Multiple Independently Targetable Re-entry Vehicles (MIRV) payloads. A single MIRV equipped missile that can deliver multiple warheads at different targets.
- It is also incorporates advanced technologies involving ring laser gyroscope and accelerometer for navigation and guidance.
Once this missile is inducted in Services, India will join the super exclusive club of countries having ICBMs (missiles with a range of over 5,000-5,500km) alongside the US, Russia, China, France and the United Kingdom. The missile will enhance India’s strategic and deterrence capabilities. At present India in its armoury of Agni missile series, possesses Agni-I (700 km range), Agni-II (2000 km range), Agni-3 (2,500 km range) and Agni-4 ( more than 3,500 range).
Nuclear capable surface-to-surface Agni-IV missile was successfully test-fired by the Indian Army’s Strategic Forces Command (SFC).
This was overall the fifth test of the Agni IV missile and earlier it had undergone 1 failed and 4 successful tests over the past five years. The last successful test was conducted in December 2014.
- The test missile was test fired from a road-mobile launcher from Abdul Kalam Island (formerly known as Wheeler Island) off the Odisha coast in the Bay of Bengal. The test was spearheaded by India’s missile woman Ms. Tessy Thomas.
- The missile has met all the mission parameters and was monitored by all radar stations, telemetry and electro-optical systems along the East Coast during the entire operation.
- During the test, the missile accelerated to a height of about 600 km. While, re-entering the atmosphere the re-entry heat shield of missile with a dummy payload withstood 4000 degree Centigrade temperatures and splashed down near the pre-designated.
About Agni-IV Missile
- Agni-IV is a surface-to-surface missile and is capable of hitting a target at a distance of 4,000 km.
- Missile features: The two-stage solid-propelled missile is about 20 metres tall and weighs 17 tonnes.
- It is equipped with modern and advanced ring laser gyro-based Inertial Navigation system (RINS).
- The missile is supported by highly reliable redundant micro navigation system (MINGS) which gives it two-digit accuracy.
- It is also equipped with 5th generation onboard computer with a distributed architecture.
Agni Missile Series
SFC already has inducted three Agni series strategic missiles which gives India an effective deterrence capability. Inducted missiles are Agni-I (700 km), Agni-II (2,000 km) and Agni-III (3,000 km). Currently, Agni-IV (4,000 km) and Agni-V (5,000 km) are undergoing developmental and user trials for their induction.