Agni Series Current Affairs - 2020

India completes Agni II test fire successfully

India on November 11, 2019, conducted its first night trial of AGNI II missile successfully. It is the first night trial being tested by the country. The nuclear capable missile was tested at the Abdul Kalam Island of Odisha Coast.

Highlights

  • The missile was developed by DRDO (Defence Research and Development Organization)
  • The surface-to-surface medium range nuclear capable missile was tested by the Strategic Forces of the Indian Army.
  • The missile is capable of striking range of 2,000 km. It can carry payload of 1,000 kg and launch a weight of 17 tonnes. It is 20 meters long and is a two-stage missile.
  • It is an IRBM (Integrated Range Ballistic Missile) and has already been inducted into the armed forces

AGNI Missile

Agni II missile is a part of series of Agni missile with a range of 2,000 km. The range of Agni I is 700 km, Agni III is 3,000 km. The ranges of Agni IV and Agni V are longer

The first test firing of Agni II missile was done in 1999. In 2010, the first test fire of nuclear capable Agni II ballistic missile was conducted successfully.

India successfully test-fires nuclear capable ballistic missile Agni-5

India successfully test-fired its home-grown long range intercontinental surface-to-surface nuclear capable ballistic missile Agni-5.

The state-of-the-art surface-to-surface missile was test fired successfully from the launch complex 4 of the Integrated Test Range from the Abdul Kalam Wheeler Island off Odisha coast. It was the fourth developmental and second canisterised trial of the missile.

About Agni-5 missile

  • Agni 5 is three-stage solid propellant ICBM indigenously developed by the Defence Research and angni-5-newDevelopment Organisation (DRDO).
  • Unlike other missiles of Agni series, Agni-5 is the most advanced having new technologies incorporated with it in terms of navigation and guidance, warhead and engine.
  • It is about 17 metre long, 2 metre wide and has launch weight of around 50 tonnes. It is capable of striking a target more than 5,000 kilometres with nuclear warhead carrying capacity of more than 1 tonne.
  • Thus, it can hit most northern parts of China and other parts of Asia, Europe and Africa. It has not yet inducted into the Services.
  • It carries Multiple Independently Targetable Re-entry Vehicles (MIRV) payloads. A single MIRV equipped missile that can deliver multiple warheads at different targets.
  • It is also incorporates advanced technologies involving ring laser gyroscope and accelerometer for navigation and guidance.
Comment

Once this missile is inducted in Services, India will join the super exclusive club of countries having ICBMs (missiles with a range of over 5,000-5,500km) alongside the US, Russia, China, France and the United Kingdom. The missile will enhance India’s strategic and deterrence capabilities. At present India in its armoury of Agni missile series, possesses Agni-I (700 km range), Agni-II (2000 km range), Agni-3 (2,500 km range) and Agni-4 ( more than 3,500 range).