Agreements Current Affairs - 2020

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Historic Bru-Reang Refugee agreement signed-34,000 displaced to settle in Tripura

On January 17, 2020, Government of India, Bru-Reang representatives, Government of Tripura and Mizoram signed an agreement in New Delhi to end the refugee crisis of Bru-Reang community. Home Minister Amit Shah presided over the event.

Highlights

Under the agreement, around 34,000 Bru Refugees are to settle in Tripura. The Centre will offer their rehabilitation helps with an allocated budget of Rs 600 crores. With this, the refugees are now eligible to enjoy social welfare schemes of state and central governments.

According to the agreement, the displaced families are to be provided with land of 40 by 30 square feet. The land is to be provided by the Tripura Government. The Centre will provide aid of Rs 1.5 lakhs to build their houses. The Centre will also provide fixed deposit of Rs 4 lakhs and Rs 5,000 cash aid per month and free ration for 2 years.

What is the issue?

Due to ethnic tension in 1997, around 5,000 families of 30,000 Bru-Reang tribes were forced out of Mizoram to seek shelter in Tripura. In 2010, GoI began its efforts to permanently rehabilitate them as they constantly demanded to settle in Tripura. In 2018, GoI signed an agreement with the State Governments of Tripura and Mizoram in order to help the families and increase the aid substantially.

Bru-Reang Tribes

The Bru Tribes are locally called Reang and hence the name Bru-Reang. They are ethnic tribes living in India, Laos, Vietnam and Thailand. They speak Katuic language. They believe in Animism religion and some others believe in Buddhism. The Bru-Reang are one of the 21 ethnic tribes of Tripura that are included int the Scheduled Tribe list. Some of them are Tibeto-Burmese origin.

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ICAR and NABARD sign MoU to develop Climate Resilient Technologies for farmers

The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and National Board of Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) signed Memorandum of Understanding on December 13, 2019. The agreement was signed to facilitate the research and technologies to develop climate resilient practices in the agriculture sector and hi-tech farming practices.

Highlights

Under the agreement, the organizations will take up technology transfer in integrated farming system, agro-forestry, crop intensification, horticulture and plantation. The initiative will help to strengthen the competition among NABARD officers and other working partners. The agreement will also help to upgrade technologies developed by ICAR. It includes hi-tech farming practices, climate resilient practices and models. It will also aid in evaluation of NABARD assisted projects like farm-mechanization, agri-incubation centres, and report generation for climate change projects.

In order to develop climate resilient agriculture, GoI has launched several initiatives. One among them is the National Innovations on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA).

NICRA

NICRA was launched in 2011. The project has three main objectives namely strategic research, capacity building and technology demonstrations. NICRA has four main modules namely crop production, natural resource management, improving soil health and livestock. Though the scheme was launched for 2 years, it was extended and is still active. The scheme is implemented by ICAR.

The main objectives of the scheme include enhancing resilience of Indian agriculture covering crops, fisheries, livestock. It will also demonstrate technology specific packages for Indian farmers to adapt to climate risks. The scheme will also enhance the capacity of scientists in climate resilient agricultural research and application.

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