Agriculture Current Affairs - 2019

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Report: Kharif crop production to dip by 12%

On December 3, 2019, a private weather monitoring company, Skymet released a report on Kharif Crop outlook. According to the report, barring cotton the Kharif crops are expected to witness a drop-in production by 4.5% to 12% as compared to 2018-19.

Key findings of the report

Several crops such as groundnut, soybean, cotton, tur and urad were adversely affected all over the country and especially in Maharashtra. This was mainly due to excess rainfall in some areas, rainfall deficit in other areas and delayed monsoon in certain other regions. Bottom line, several parts did not receive right amount of usual monsoon rains at the right time. The report also said that rains till the end of September delayed maturity process. Excess moisture content in the soil hindered the growth of the crops.

Kharif Crops

The crops that are grown in the months of south west monsoon are called Kharif crops. It includes rice, jowar, maize, moong, bajra, cotton, groundnut, jute. In India coastal regions bring highest yield of Kharif crops. It includes millets in Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, paddy in West Bengal and Tamil Nadu, pulses in Maharashtra and Rajasthan.

India attends WATEC Conference in Israel

The Jal Shakti Minister Shri Gajendra Singh Shekhawat represented India at the WATEC Conference that was held in Israel. The Water Technology and Environment Control (WATEC) conference helps to get updates on technologies related to water and environmental management. Several countries participated in the conference showcasing their revolutionary technologies and solutions.

Significance

Israel is considered as world hero in terms of water management. The country treats and reuses 80% of its sewage water for agriculture. Today Israel’s water demand outstrips its unconventional water resources. With drip irrigation and sea water desalination, the country has become a global leader in agriculture. Attending such conferences will help India learn technologies to conserve water and replicate.

Need

Today Agriculture sector consumes nearly 89% of water resources according to the “Dynamic Ground Water Resources” of India report. The report also says that saving 10% of water will increase water availability by 50 years. It is essential for India to act upon quickly as the groundwater resources are depleting at faster rate.

The water stressed states in India are Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Telangana, Punjab and Haryana.