Agriculture Current Affairs - 2020

India joins Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence

On June 15, 2020, India joined the Global Partnership of Artificial Intelligence as a founding member.

Highlights

The other leading member countries that joined along with India are UK, USA, European Union, Australia, France, Canada, Germany, Mexico, Italy, Republic of Korea, Singapore, New Zealand, etc. The Gee-Pay or GPAI-Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence is a multi-stake holder initiative that will guide development of Artificial Intelligence.

About GPAI

The GPAI is the first initiative of its kind that will help to understand the opportunities and challenges of Artificial Intelligence better. The GPAI will into opportunities to bridge the gaps between theories of AI and AI supported researches to increase AI-related priorities.

India

India had recently launched the National AI Strategy and National AI portal. It has leveraged AI across various sectors such as education, health care, agriculture, E-Commerce, telecommunications, finance, etc. Therefore, by joining GPAI, India with its experience shall help in global development of AI.

The main problem of AI is that it greatly affects labour population as a good developed AI system reduces work force. Being a populated country, India launces its AI related initiative addressing this issue of AI. Every AI initiative of India including the recently launched National AI strategy includes this problem and aims to develop AI considering its impacts on labour force.

COVID-19 and Child Labour Report by the United Nations

The International Labour Organization and the UNICEF have released a report on Child Labour. The report has been released under the title

Title: COVID-19 and Child Labour: A Time of Crisis, A Time to Act

Key Findings

The report says that millions of children are to be pushed to child labour due to COVID-19 crisis. The report also says that the children already in laborious activities might end up working longer hours.

Poverty

According to the report, COVID-19 will increase poverty that will eventually drive the increase in child labour. The report predicts that 1% increase in poverty will lead to 0.7% increase in child labour.

This is because, as poverty increases in a country, schools close and the social services decrease. This forces more children turn into work forces. Currently, temporary school closure is affecting more than 1 billion students spread in 130 countries.

This will also push children into hazardous and exploitative jobs. The Gender Inequalities may grow with girls becoming vulnerable to exploitation especially in domestic works and agriculture.

Migrant Workers

Among all, the most vulnerable persons during COVID-19 are the migrant workers. They will face economic downturn