Agriculture Ministry Current Affairs - 2019

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GoI conducts first ever National Agro Chemicals Congress in New Delhi

The National Agro Chemical Congress was conducted for four days in New Delhi. The Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare hosted the event. It was the first of its kind. It is to be conducted once in three years. The Theme of the Congress was

Theme: Country’s Status on various fronts of Agro chemicals

Recommendations of the Congress

  • It is necessary to label the pesticides indicating their mode of action
  • The status of the country should be assessed in its preparedness in invasive exigencies
  • To rethink on restrictive banning of pesticides
  • Government has to bring in a policy regarding data protection of imported pesticides
  • Empowerment of farmers through training.
  • Policy to introduce safe nano-formulations

According to the Congress, the above factors are currently absent in the country. It believes that these recommendations are essential to improve efficient use of pesticides.

Highlights of the event

  • The event outlined the importance of responsible use of agro Chemicals.
  • It also highlighted the precision technologies used to reduce wastage of applied chemicals
  • Various seminars and lectures were presented that focused on discouraging false claims about agro chemicals and tackling the spread of wrong perception among the citizens about agro chemicals.

Significance

  • The aim of the congress is to highlight the role played by chemical pesticides in pest management. It emphasized on target specific and environment friendly products
  • The Congress also focused on new concepts in human health, nanotechnology, crops, resource management, smart formulations related sciences to help to boost agricultural productivity.

Average Monthly Income per Agricultural Household less than Rs. 6500: Govt.

As per Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Narendra Singh Tomar the average monthly income per agricultural household from all sources is less than Rs. 6,500. The data was provided by government in written reply to Lok Sabha.

Key Highlights

Govt. claims based on: Latest available estimates provided by government of average income per agricultural household in country are based on Situation Assessment Survey of Agricultural Households conducted by National Sample Survey Office (NSSO), the nodal agency for conducting surveys and collecting data, during its 70th round (January 2013-December 2013). As per these survey results, average monthly income per agricultural household from all sources is estimated to be Rs. 6,426.

Inter-Ministerial Committee 2016: Since 2013 NSSO has not conducted any survey on income per agricultural household thereby in April 2016 government constituted an Inter-Ministerial Committee to examine issues relating to doubling of farmers income and to recommend strategies to achieve the same. This committee submitted its Report to Central government in September 2018.

Methodology The Committee considered estimates of agricultural households income obtained from NSSO 70th round unit-level data as base level income and it kept 2015-16 as base year. This is how it derived income for base year at both current and constant prices for major states and major size-classes.