AIIMS Current Affairs - 2020

Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link

Interim Budget 2019: Highlights

The highlights of the Interim Budget 2019 presented by the Finance Minister are listed below:

  • 6,000 rupees yearly direct support to farmers through PM-KISAN Programme.
  • Pension of 3,000 rupees for unorganised sector workers earning up to 15,000 rupees through a mega Pension Scheme – Pradhan Mantri Shram- Yogi Maandhan.
  • Present Income Tax rates to continue and full tax rebate up to an income of 5 lakh rupees for individual taxpayers. Standard deduction raised to 50,000, a hike of 10,000 for salaried class.
  • Simplification of Direct tax system and returns to be processed in 24 hours with immediate refunds.
  • 90 per cent GST payers can file quarterly returns.
  • Two per cent interest rebate for Small and Medium Enterprises to get an incremental loan of one crore rupees.
  • Constituting group of Ministers to examine GST burden on home buyers.
  • Digitalization of Customs for export and import transactions.
  • Allocations towards Health care, MGNREGA, SC/ST welfare programmes, Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana, Development of infrastructure in North-East has been increased substantially.
  • Rashtriya Kamdhenu Aayog for genetic upgradation of the cow.
  • Separate Department of Fisheries.
  • Electricity connection to all willing families by next month.
  • Allocations to Defence budget crosses three lakh crore rupees for the first time.
  • More than three lakh 38 thousand shell companies deregistered after demonetization.
  • 10 point vision for 2030 to realize India’s social economic potential.
  • India to be a 10 trillion dollars economy in 13 years.
  • Government e-Marketplace – GeM to be extended to all Central Public Sector Enterprises.
  • Container cargo movement to the North-East through Brahmaputra river.
  • Allocation for infrastructure development in the North East increased by 21 per cent.
  • AIIMS to be established in Haryana.
  • Digital connectivity for more than one lakh more villages.
  • National Centre on Artificial Intelligence Centre to be established.
  • Tightening of Cinematograph Act to check piracy.
  • Single window clearance for shooting films for Indian filmmakers.
  • Indigenous development of semi-high speed Vande Bharat Express train
  • The fiscal deficit pegged at 3.4 per cent of GDP.

The Budget was keenly watched as the country is heading for a general election in 2019.

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AIIMS paper on Neonatal sepsis: Important Facts

The Doctors from All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) have published a paper ‘Neonatal Sepsis in South Asia: Huge burden and spiralling antimicrobial resistance’, in the British Medical Journal.

Neonatal sepsis is a type of neonatal infection that occurs in an infant younger than 90 days old. It is an invasive infection usually bacterial.

Key findings in the research paper

The important findings in the research paper are:

  • India has a high instance of neonatal sepsis within the first month of birth than anywhere else in the world and several of those infected dies due to the failure of antibiotics against lethal bugs.
  • 16 per thousand live births in India are infected with confirmed neonatal sepsis and one-third of them die due to unavailability of drugs to fight the infections.
  • About 62 per cent of infections in South Asia occurs within the first 72 hours when compared to an incidence rate of 9.8 per thousand live births which are 10-fold higher than in the US.
  • The cause of worry is the babies acquire these infections from mothers who have been subjected to unhygienic practices in the labour rooms and neonatal intensive units of the hospitals.
  • This high instance of Neonatal sepsis is attributed to antibiotic overuse.
  • The research paper also notes that poor lab support coupled with the difficulty in obtaining adequate blood from babies results in difficulty in confirming the presence of infection, as a result of which they fall off the radar.
  • The study highlights that South Asia has majority occurrence of gram-negative organisms such as Klebsiella, e.coli and Acinetobacter isolated from hospital settings, which are known to cause more deaths than gram-positive organisms found in Western countries.
  • Drugs of last resort crbapenem and colistin are also failing to deliver due to the rise in resistant bugs.

The study notes that since the choice of drugs for treating babies has increasingly narrowed over the last ten years, it is posing a challenge for health care professionals.

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