alcohol Current Affairs - 2020

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CSIR develops new Hand Sanitizer without using chemicals

The Scientists at the CSIR-IHBT (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research-Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology) has developed a new sanitizer without using chemicals.


The scientists have used active tea constituents, alcohol and have developed the sanitizer according to the guidelines of World Health Organization. Usually chemicals such as triclosan, parabens, phthalates and synthetic fragrance are used in the production of sanitizers. None of these chemicals have been used in producing the CSIR formulated sanitizer.

The CSIR-IHBT has transferred the technology to a private company for commercial production. The company signed an agreement with CSIR to market the product in major cities of India.

Why Hand Sanitizers in preventing Corona Virus?

The Corona Virus spreads from droplets of nose or mouth of an infected person. It transmits when the person coughs or sneezes. The sanitizers kill virus that gets stuck to hands accidentally. WHO recommends sanitizers that contain 60% to 70% alcohol.

The sanitizers get absorbed into the skin and stays for a while. Therefore, using a hand sanitizer frequently while traveling in public helps to stay away from COVID-19.

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Global Drug Survey 2019: First Time Polled Indian Respondents

The Global Drugs Survey, a survey of recreational drug-use for the first time polled respondents from India. It found that more than any other nationalities, Indians are seeking help to reduce their alcohol intake which reflects awareness of abuse. GDS 2019 is the 8th annual report published by the organisation.

About Global Drug Survey (GDS)

  • It is an independent research organisation based in London, United Kingdom (UK). It runs the largest global survey on recreational drug-use.
  • It is basically an anonymised online survey which uses a detailed questionnaire to assess trends in self-reported harms and drug use among regular drug users and early adopters of new trends.
  • Covers: Although it is not designed to determine the prevalence of drug behaviour in all the population of country but it throws light on prevalent stigmatized behaviours and health outcomes of that hidden population which is otherwise difficult to reach.
  • Importance: It can be used to inform targeted interventions about outcomes of drug-use. It uses its data and expertise to create digital health applications delivering screening as well as brief interventions for alcohol and drugs. It also produces a range of drug education materials for health and legal professionals, the entertainment industry and the general public.

GDS 2019: Key Findings about India

  • In comparison to respondents from other nationalities the Indians respondents are seeking help to reduce their drugs and alcohol intake.
  • Survey Shows Indians Willingness: that 51% of respondents wanted to ‘drink less’ in the following year and while only about 43% of Indians reported using cannabis but, the 51% among them also wanted to use ‘less cannabis’ in the following year. This wanting is more than any other nationality and reflects awareness of abuse by Indians.
  • Tobacco, Alcohol and Cannabis were among the most common drugs used by Indians.
  • Drunk Data: Out of almost 1,00,000 respondents from 30 countries worldwide, Indians reported ‘being drunk’ on an average of 41 times in the last one year. They are still behind Australia, Canada, U.K., U.S., and Denmark but well above the global average of 33 times.
  • Female Data: Only 6% of female Indians were surveyed who reported seeking ‘emergency medical treatment’ in last one yaer. The global female average for seeking emergency medical treatment was about 13%.

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