Amaravati Current Affairs - 2019

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Rapid spread of Dengue fever in Telangana

In the last 10 days, around 1,700 cases of Dengue were reported in multiple districts of Telangana. The state received rains for few days that washed away the mosquito larvae collected in dumps and stagnant water.

Causes

Changes in rainfall pattern, rise in humidity level and long spell of warmer temperatures are the main reasons for the recent outspread of Dengue in Telangana. The state is urbanizing at a faster rate after the partition, the construction projects like Amaravati (the capital city being built) have increased. The state Government estimates over 50% of the Telangana population will reside in urban areas by 2023

With unplanned construction projects dumping of discarded objects and stagnation of water have made Telangana conducive for spread of dengue and Chikungunya.

What is Dengue?

Dengue is a vector borne disease transmitted by female Aedes mosquito according to WHO. It is caused by the Dengue virus that belongs to the Flavivirus.

Strains of Dengue

There are 4 strains of Dengue namely DEN – 1, DEN – 2, DEN – 3, DEN – 4. When a person becomes infected with one strain and treated, he becomes immune to that particular strain of virus. However, there are possibilities for him to get infected by other strains.

Occurrence

The virus is present in India, south east Asia, China, South America, Africa, Pacific Islands, Mexico and Caribbean. At the rest of the world, Dengue has been eliminated.

Measures of India to control Dengue

  • The disease is monitored, controlled and treated under the program National Vector Borne Disease Control Program. The program covers the following
    • National Anti-Malaria program
    • Japanese Encephalitis Control Program
    • Kala – Azar Control Program
    • National Filaria Control Program
    • Dengue and Dengue Hemorrhagic fever
  • National Dengue Day is observed on May 16 every year by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

National Institute of Design at Bhopal and Jorhat Inaugurated

The National Institute of Design has been inaugurated at Bhopal in Madhya Pradesh and Jorhat in Assam. The Union Minister for Commerce and Industries Suresh Prabhu inaugurated the Institutions.

Establishment of National Institute of Design

  • Design and innovation have taken prime importance in many sectors, policies, and schemes of the government like “Make in India”, “Skill India”, “Digital India”, “Startup India”, and “Smart City initiatives”. Hence it is imperative to promote design education.
  • National Design Policy 2007 had recommended setting up design institutes on the lines of NID, Ahmedabad in other parts of India to promote design programs. Hence National Institute of Design is being established Andhra Pradesh (Amaravati), Assam (Jorhat), Madhya Pradesh (Bhopal) and Haryana (Kurukshetra).
  • NIDs in different regions of the country will help produce highly skilled manpower in design which, in turn, will create job opportunities, both direct and indirect, by providing sustainable design interventions for crafts, handloom, rural technology, small, medium and large-scale enterprises and outreach programs for capacity, capability and institution building.
  • NIDs will fulfil the requirement of designers in the country and expose them to employment opportunities, which will lead the country towards higher socio-economic growth.

National Institute of Design

  • The National Institute of Design was established based on the recommendations of the Eames Report. It was established as an autonomous all-India body in September 1961 at Ahmedabad in association with the Ford Foundation and the Sarabhai family.
  • Over the years, the National Institute of Design has emerged as an internationally finest educational and research institutions for Industrial, Communication, Textile and IT Integrated (Experiential) Design. It works as an autonomous institution under the aegis of the Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
  • The National Institute of Design has been declared ‘Institution of National Importance’ by the Act of Parliament, by virtue of the National Institute of Design Act 2014.

The National Design Institution at Bhopal and Jorhat will provide  4-year undergraduate courses in industrial design, communication design and apparel & textile design.