Amaravati capital of Satavahanas in the 2nd Century Current Affairs - 2019

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ASI: Gottiporlu-a historic trade centre

The Archaeological Survey of India has discovered the remains of huge settlement during its first phase of excavation at Gottiprolu near Naidupeta, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh. It has uncovered a mass settlement that was surrounded by a massive brick enclosure

Highlights

  • The experts unearthed the Hindu god, Lord Vishnu sculptures and wide variety of pottery of early centuries of current era
  • The site lies on the bank of Swarnamukhi river
  • Drone images and topographical studies helped in identifying the settlement that is surrounded by a fortification. The fortification was evident in the southern and eastern sides while its other arm seems to have been leveled due to modern settlements

The Brick Enclosure

  • The massive brick enclosure is the outstanding discovery of the excavation. The bricks are baked and exposed to a length of more than 75 metres with average width of 3.4 metres. They rise to a height of 2 metres and run in a curvi linear pattern
  • The Archaeologists also discovered a rectangular brick tank exposed near the inner lining of the curved brick structure

Period of the excavations

  • The brick sizes are comparable with the Satavahan period structures in the River Krishna valley
  • Based on the brick sizes, the period of excavations are placed between 2nd and 1st century BC. They are around 2000 years old

Antiquities

  • A female terracotta figurine with two hands lifted upwards was also retrieved.
  • Interesting pottery were also found. There were conical jars that are widely distributed in Tamil Nadu and are considered to be imitated variety of Roman Amphorae jars.
  • A series of broken terracotta pipes fitted into one another were also revealed. It proves that the period had a good drainage system.

Trade Centre

The presence of these jars prove that it was an important trade centre of the period. Also it implies that liquid commodities were transported as amphorae wares are often used to carry liquid items. Also, the site’s proximity with the sea coast suggests that it could have serves as a strategic settlement involved in maritime trade.

Tools

  • The tools found were made of stones

 

Central Government to launch scheme for conservation of heritage and development of 12 cities

Central government is planning to launch scheme for conservation of heritage and development of 12 cities across the country.  It was announced by Union Urban Development Minister M Venkaiah Naidu.

For this scheme government had allocated Rs. 500 crore in the Union Budget 2014 and it will be rolled out in January 2015.

Under this scheme, 12 cities will be covered under the National Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY).

The 12 cities are:  Amritsar, Varanasi, Gaya, Puri, Ajmer, Mathura, Dwarka, Badami, Velankanni, Kanchipuram, Warangal and Amaravati.

From Andhra Pradesh and Telangana towns selected are Amaravati from Guntur district and Warangal which have rich heritage and culture.

Warangal: It was the capital of the Kakatiya dynasty.

Amaravati: It is situated on the banks of river Krishna and was the capital of Satavahanas in the 2nd Century. It is also a major Buddhist centre.

About Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY)

  • It aims to bring urban planning, economic growth and heritage conservation together for heritage cities.
  • It also seeks beautification in an inclusive and integrated manner with focus on cleanliness, livelihoods, skills, safety, security, accessibility and faster service delivery of heritage cities.
  • Heritage management plan (HMP) will be prepared for the identified cities which will outline heritage resources and develop policies to guide their conservation, restoration, future use and development.
  • It will seek to improve last-mile connectivity heritage sites by documentation, conservation of areas, providing more facilities for women, senior citizens and differently abled citizens.

Thus it will help to create improved connectivity platform and access to tourists.