Ambedkar Jayanti Current Affairs - 2020

Ambedkar Jayanti celebrated throughout the country

On April 14, 2020, India celebrated the 129th birth anniversary of Bhimarao Ramji Ambedkar. Amidst the lock down, his birth anniversary is being celebrated digitally by the whole of India. The Indian Constitution was prepared under the leadership of Ambedkar.

About Ambedkar

Ambedkar was born in Mhow, Madhya Pradesh. It was a small cantonment in Indore district. The town was later renamed as Dr Ambedkar Nagar in 2003. He was born as Hindu and later converted into a Buddhist. He was recognised as modern Buddha of his age.

He was a great scholar who could speak Pali, Hindi, Sanskrit, French, English, Marathi, German, Gujarati and Persian.

Ambedkar was the last and 14thChild to his parents.

Awards

He has won several awards namely Bodhisattva in 1956, Bharat Ratna in 1990. He was also awarded The Greatest Indian award in 2012. When the Tri-coloured Indian flag was created, it was Ambedkar who placed the Ashok Chakra in the middle.

Government launches Gram Swaraj Abhiyan

The Union Government launched “Gram Swaraj Abhiyan- Special Interventions”, an high-intensity outreach programme to deliver welfare schemes to select villages which need particular attention. It was lunched on the occasion of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Jayanti (14th April).

Gram Swaraj Abhiyan

The abhiyan was launched on the lines of rural development schemes like Antyodaya based on principle of convergence and saturation. The initiative aims for 100% coverage of seven schemes launched by Central Government for eligible beneficiaries in three-week window from April 14 to May 5, 2018.

The objective of abhiyan is to promote social harmony, reach out to poor rural households, obtain feedback on ongoing programmes, enrol in new initiatives, focus on doubling farmers’ income, enhance livelihood opportunities and re-emphasise national priorities such as cleanliness and strengthen Panchayati Raj institutions,.

The seven schemes covered under it are Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana, Ujala scheme, Saubhagya, Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana and Mission Indradhanush.

Government has appointed dozens of directors and deputy secretaries to push its flagship programmes to “100% saturation” in rural areas. It will benefit 17,000 poor villages by providing them free LPG connections, electricity supply, Jan Dhan accounts, two PM Insurance schemes and immunisation of children will be available in 21 days.