AMCDRR 2016 Current Affairs - 2019

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New Delhi Declaration, Asian Regional Plan adopted at AMCDRR 2016

The 2016 Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (AMCDRR) adopted ‘New Delhi Declaration’ and ‘Asian Regional Plan for Implementation of the Sendai Framework’.

It was the first AMCDRR to be held after the advent of the Sendai Framework for DRR (SFDRR) 2015-2030. The next AMCDRR will be held in Mongolia in 2018.

AMCDRR was established in 2005. It is a biennial conference jointly organized by different Asian countries and the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR).

World Tsunami Awareness Day

The Conference also commemorated the first World Tsunami Awareness Day (observed on 5 November) to spread awareness on tsunami. The observance of the day stressed on the importance of early warning systems and preparedness of communities in order to mitigate damage from the often devastating natural hazard.

New Delhi Declaration of AMCDRR

  • It is a political commitment of participating governments towards preventing and reducing disaster risk in the Asian region.
  • It also committed for strengthening the resilience of communities, nations and the Asian region for Disaster Risk Reduction.
  • It commits to a people-centred and whole-of-society approach towards DRR in order to accelerate the implementation of global frameworks.
  • It also emphasises the need to enhance the capacity of communities and ensure participation of all stakeholder groups towards achieving resilience.

Asian Regional Plan for Implementation of the Sendai Framework

  • It focuses on the how to reduce disaster risk at national and local levels.
  • It has longer term road map of cooperation and collaboration, spanning the 15-year horizon of the Sendai Framework.
  • Besides, it also has a two-year action plan to further disaster risk reduction with specific, actionable activities.

What is Sendai Framework for DRR?

The SFDRR was adopted by at the Third World Conference on DRR at Sendai in Japan in March, 2015. It identifies targets and priority action areas towards reducing disaster risk by ‘reducing the damage caused by natural hazards like floods, droughts, earthquakes and cyclones through an ethic of prevention.

First World Tsunami Awareness Day to be celebrated at AMCDRR 2016

The first World Tsunami Awareness Day will be celebrated on November 5, 2016 at the Asian Ministerial Conference for Disaster Risk Reduction (AMCDRR) 2016.

The conference will organised from November 3 to 5, 2016 in New Delhi by the Union Government in collaboration with United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR).

To commemorate the occasion, an event will be organised with Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) Champions at the AMCDRR 2016.

About World Tsunami Awareness Day

  • The World Tsunami Awareness Day was instituted by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) by adopting a resolution proposed by Japan.
  • The objective of the day is to spread awareness among people across the world in matters related to the dangers of tsunami and stress on the importance of early warning systems in order to mitigate damage from the devastating natural calamity. It also seeks to revive traditional knowledge about tsunamis.
  • Background: November 5 was selected by UNGA to coincide with the annual anniversary of the 1854 Inamura-no-hi (Fire of Inamura) event. On this day in 1854, a villager in Wakayama Prefecture, Japan through his quick action had saved countless lives when he set fire to sheaves of rice on the top of a hill, thus warning people of the imminent danger of a tsunami. This was the first documented instance of a tsunami early warning.

India’s initiatives

  • Following the devastating Indian Ocean Tsunami of 2004, Central Government established an Indian Tsunami Early Warning Centre (ITEWC). It is operational since October 2007.
  • ITEWC was established under the Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS) at Hyderabad.
  • The Centre has state-of-the-art infrastructure for generating and disseminating tsunami bulletins for the entire Indian Ocean region.
  • Besides, India along with 23 other Indian Ocean countries had participated in a tsunami mock drill in September 2016.