Ammonia Current Affairs - 2020

Union Cabinet approves Nutrient Based Subsidy

On April 22, 2020, the Union Cabinet approved to fix Nutrient Based Subsidies for Phosphatic Potassic fertilizers.


The cabinet also approved the use of complex fertilizer namely Ammonium Phosphate. The expenditure to be spent on the subsidy of the fertilizer is expected to be Rs 22,186 crores.

The nitrogenous fertilizers are to be provided at the rate of Rs 18.78 per kg, Phosporous at Rs 14.88 per kg, Potash at Rs 10.11 per kg and Sulphur at Rs 2.37 per kg.


The Government of India has been providing potassium and phosphorous fertilizers to farmers in subsidy rates. These subsidies are governed by the NBS scheme that was launched in 2010.

Nutrient Based Subsidy Scheme

Under the scheme, the fertilizers except urea are to be provided to the farmers at subsidized rates. The scheme focuses on secondary nutrients such as N,P,K and S and also micro nutrients.

South Asian Nitrogen Hub

The British government has announced a research project, South Asian Nitrogen Hub to study nitrogen pollution in India and South Asia. The project led by UK’s Centre for Ecology and Hydrology will partner with 50 organisations from the UK and South Asia. The Indian Institutions partnering the study are:

  • National Institute of Oceanography
  • Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University
  • Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology
  • Jawaharlal Nehru University
  • Aligarh Muslim University
  • National Physical Laboratory
  • TERI University

The project aims to study the impact of different forms of nitrogen pollution, particularly looking at nitrogen in agriculture in eight countries of South Asia which includes India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, Bhutan and Maldives.

Nitrogen Pollution

Pollutant Gases like ammonia (NH3) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) are produced from chemical fertilizers, livestock manure, and burning fossil fuels and is connected to air pollution, biodiversity loss, the pollution of rivers and seas, ozone depletion, health, economy and livelihoods.

Gases like Ammonia and nitrogen dioxide can aggravate respiratory and heart conditions. Nitrous oxide is a greenhouse gas that depletes the ozone layer. Nitrate from chemical fertilisers, manure and industry pollutes rivers and seas, poses a health risk for humans, fish, coral and plant life.