AMR Current Affairs - 2020

WHO releases Global Health Challenges for 2020

Every year, the World Health Organization releases list of Global Health Challenges of the forth coming year. This year, on January 13, 2020, the organization had released the top global health challenges for the year.

Global Health Challenges

The list included 13 potential threats. The foremost threat was Anti-Microbial Resistance (AMR) and climate crisis. The 2 threats have been on the top for the previous year, 2019 as well. The report says around 7 million people are affected because of climate change. Climate change has increased malnutrition and is fueling the spread of infectious diseases such as malaria. The other threats that have topped the list includes influenza epidemic and spread of infectious diseases such as HIV, malaria and tuberculosis.

More than one-quarter of death is due to stroke, heart attack, chronic respiratory disease and lung cancer. The chances of these diseases are increased by raising levels of air pollution.

A new entrant to the list of top 13 potential threats is Lack of Access. The report says that around a third of world population lack access to vaccines, diagnostic tools, medicines and other essential health products.

Shortage of health care workers is also the major global concern. WHO says that another 18 million health workers are required by 2030.

Above of all unhealthy food diets is also major threat. Lack of food, unhealthy diets and unsafe food are responsible for one-third of global disease burden.

Other Threats

The threats are not only diseases-related. It also includes other threats such as social media, infrastructure, human resources and new technologies. The misinformation about diseases in social media is a major threat as it is spread false fears among people. Also, delivering health care in conflict ridden areas is also the biggest challenge according to WHO.

India and Sweden to Increase Cooperation on Anti-Microbial Resistance R and D

The Swedish Health Minister Lena Hallengren after the meeting with Union Health Minister J P Nadda announced that  Anti-microbial resistance (AMR) is really dangerous and India and Sweden intend to boost cooperation to tackle it.

Cooperation to tackle Anti-Microbial Resistance

  • India and Sweden have signed a Memorandum of Understanding to cooperate in the field of various issues, including AMR, communicable diseases and public health On February 24, 2009.
  • AMR work is an “ongoing cooperation” between India and Sweden.
  • There would be bilateral cooperation between companies, between agencies, between universities, institutions.

Sweden hoped that India would join the Alliance of Champions, which is a creation between many countries globally to face and to fight AMR.

Alliance of Champions

The Alliance of Champions was launched by then Swedish Health Minister Gabriel Wikstrom at the 2015 World Health Assembly. Alliance of Champions consisted of health ministers of 14 countries aimed to promote “political awareness, engagement and leadership” on AMR.