Andaman Current Affairs - 2019
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A study has shown that Fishing, coral reef degradation threaten parrotfish in Andaman.
Fact Box: Bumphead parrotfish
Scientific Name: Bolbometopon Muricatum
IUCN Status: Vulnerable
Findings of the Study
- Protection of coral cover along the existing protected marine areas in the Andaman and Nicobar islands is necessary for the conservation of the endangered Bumphead Parrotfish.
- Large body size, aggregating behaviour and limited activity at night make Bumphead Parrotfish an easy target for spear-fishers.
- Further slow growth and low replacement rates have resulted in population declines across the Indo-Pacific and the Red Sea regions.
- Bumphead Parrotfish occurs unevenly, with most sightings from only two islands, and with an apparently very small density.
- Freediving spear-fishers exclusively target the aggregations of this fish during the night.
- The presence of a protected area, live coral and algal cover, significantly influenced the distribution and abundance of Bumphead Parrot Fish.
- Incidental catch by fishers and degradation of coral reef habitats are two potential threats to the species.
The Study calls to ban night fishing for the species and to implement regulations regarding reef fishing.
The 112 helpline which was earlier launched in Himachal Pradesh and Nagaland was launched in 16 states and UTs by Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh under the Emergency Response Support System (ERSS).
The 16 states and Union Territories where the helpline was launched were Andhra Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Punjab, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Puducherry, Lakshadweep, Andaman, Dadar and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu, Jammu and Kashmir.
Emergency Response Support System (ERSS)
The Emergency Response Support System (ERSS) integrates police (100), fire (101) and women (1090) helpline numbers into a single 112 helpline number and the process is on to integrate the health emergency number (108) soon.
To access the ERSS the person can dial ‘112’ on a phone. The person can also press the power button of a smartphone three times quickly to send a panic call to the Emergency Response Centre or long press the ‘5’ or ‘9’ key to activate the panic call from the normal phone.
The ERSS can also be accessed through ‘112’ India mobile app, which is available free on Google Play Store and Apple Store or log onto the ERSS website for the respective state and send an emergency email or SOS alert to state Emergency response centre.
Tags: 112 helpline • Andaman • Andhra Pradesh • Dadar and Nagar Haveli • Daman and Diu • Emergency Response Support System • ERSS • Gujarat • Jammu and Kashmir • Kerala • Lakshadweep • Madhya Pradesh • Puducherry • Punjab • Rajasthan • Tamil Nadu • Telangana • Union Home Minister • Uttar Pradesh • Uttarakhand