Andaman and Nicobar islands Current Affairs - 2020

NABARD launches Rs 44 lakhs worth projects in Andaman and Nicobar Islands

On July 16, 2020, the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development launched projects worth of Rs 44 lakhs in Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Highlights

The projects have been launched to develop Self Help Groups and also to help in skill development of Self-Help Groups in the territory. Around 385 village level programmes are to be conducted and provide training to leaders of newly formed SHGs with an aid of Rs 10 lakhs.

Under the project, women attached to Self Help Groups (SHGs) are to be trained for Mushroom Cultivation and Bamboo handicrafts.

Micro Entrepreneurship Development Programme

NABARD is to carry out a yearly micro-entrepreneurship development programme for 150 members of various SHGs in Middle Andaman. Also, NABARD has tied up with Centre of Agriculture Research Institute (CARI) to conduct agricultural programmes of Rs 20 lakhs.

Atma Nirbhar Bharat

In order to achieve Atma Nirbhar Bharat, under the initiative, NABARD is to organize “Rural Haats” in Gram Panchayats.

Hydrogen Fuel Bus and car launched by NTPC

The National Thermal Power Corporation recently launched ten Hydrogen Fuel Cell based buses and 10 similar electric cars.

Highlights

The buses and cars were launched in New Delhi and Leh. Similar proposal is under implementation in Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Other initiatives of NTPC

NTPC has been taking several such initiatives to provide e-mobility solution for public transport. This includes providing charging infrastructure and electric bus to state and city transport systems.

NTPC has so far commissioned 90 public charging stations in and around the city of Faridabad.

Why electric buses?

The initiative undertaken by NTPC to procure hydrogen fueled buses is to decarbonize transport system in the country.

Hydrogen Fuel Cell

The Hydrogen Fuel Cell use chemical process to convert hydrogen rich fuel into electricity. The main advantage of fuel cells is that they need not be charged frequently. They produce electricity as long as the fuel is available

In a Hydrogen Fuel cell, the hydrogen is passed through the anode, oxygen is passed through cathode. At anode, the hydrogen molecules are split into protons and electrons. The protons hence formed pass through electrolyte membrane. This forces electron to pass into the circuit, generating electric current.

Benefits

The major benefits of hydrogen fuel cells include high efficiency, low to zero emissions, fuel flexibility, quiet operation, durability and energy security.