Andhra Pradesh [APPSC] Current Affairs - 2019

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Andhra Pradesh launches ‘Nadu-Nedu’ programme

Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh YS Jagan Mohan Reddy has launched the ‘Nadu-Nedu’ programme which seeks to transform government schools into vibrant and competitive institutions. The programme is set to turn a new leaf over education sector and will provide opportunities to weaker sections and underprivileged.

Key Features

Objective: To transform all government schools with required infrastructure and up-gradation of skills besides setting up of English labs in addition to providing basic amenities such as clean environs, running water, furniture, compound wall, blackboard, toilets, renovation and involve parent committee.

Phase 1: In first phase, the scheme will be implemented in 15,715 schools and will cover all schools in three years’ time.

The scheme has a budget of Rs.12,000 crores and for the first year, Rs.3,500 crores will be spent for the development of infrastructure.

Under the programme English medium will be introduced in Classes 1 to 6. Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister highlighted that many people benefit from switching to English language from Telugu. He also stated that the decision was taken after due consideration and visualizing what our future generation requires in new age of Artificial Intelligence(AI) and Robotics.

Need: The 2011 census revealed that Andhra Pradesh’s illiteracy rate is 33% and thus to uplift marginalised sections the state have to take bold decisions such as switching over to English medium. English medium schools are needed to prepare the future generation of students to boldly face and meet up requirements of highly dynamic and technology-driven world.

Way Forward

The Andhra government will soon be introducing Amma Vodi on 9 January 2019, where they will incentivize mothers to send their children to school. His government will also take care of fees reimbursement in all degree and professional colleges and there will be 1-year training for youth to gear up for jobs.

Apart from this, a skill development university will be set up and under its umbrella, all 25 Skill Development Centres (SDC) will function to have an interface with education and industry.

ASI: Gottiporlu-a historic trade centre

The Archaeological Survey of India has discovered the remains of huge settlement during its first phase of excavation at Gottiprolu near Naidupeta, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh. It has uncovered a mass settlement that was surrounded by a massive brick enclosure

Highlights

  • The experts unearthed the Hindu god, Lord Vishnu sculptures and wide variety of pottery of early centuries of current era
  • The site lies on the bank of Swarnamukhi river
  • Drone images and topographical studies helped in identifying the settlement that is surrounded by a fortification. The fortification was evident in the southern and eastern sides while its other arm seems to have been leveled due to modern settlements

The Brick Enclosure

  • The massive brick enclosure is the outstanding discovery of the excavation. The bricks are baked and exposed to a length of more than 75 metres with average width of 3.4 metres. They rise to a height of 2 metres and run in a curvi linear pattern
  • The Archaeologists also discovered a rectangular brick tank exposed near the inner lining of the curved brick structure

Period of the excavations

  • The brick sizes are comparable with the Satavahan period structures in the River Krishna valley
  • Based on the brick sizes, the period of excavations are placed between 2nd and 1st century BC. They are around 2000 years old

Antiquities

  • A female terracotta figurine with two hands lifted upwards was also retrieved.
  • Interesting pottery were also found. There were conical jars that are widely distributed in Tamil Nadu and are considered to be imitated variety of Roman Amphorae jars.
  • A series of broken terracotta pipes fitted into one another were also revealed. It proves that the period had a good drainage system.

Trade Centre

The presence of these jars prove that it was an important trade centre of the period. Also it implies that liquid commodities were transported as amphorae wares are often used to carry liquid items. Also, the site’s proximity with the sea coast suggests that it could have serves as a strategic settlement involved in maritime trade.

Tools

  • The tools found were made of stones