Andhra Pradesh Current Affairs - 2019

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Hasmukh Adhia Appointed as Chancellor of Gujarat Central University

President Ram Nath Kovind has approved the appointment of former finance secretary Hasmukh Adhia as the chancellor of Gujarat Central University. He will hold the post for a period of five years.

Hasmukh Adhia was a Gujarat cadre IAS officer and was appointed as the secretary in the Department of Financial Services after then Chief Minister of Gujarat Narendra Modi took charge as the Prime Minister in 2014.

Central University

Central Universities were established in India under the Central Universities Act 2009. The Act provided for the establishment of one new central university each in Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu.

The act also sought to convert  Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyala in Chhattisgarh, Harisingh Gour Vishwavidhalaya in Sagar (Madhya Pradesh) and Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna Garhwal University in Uttarakhand into Central universities.

The Central Universities were established by the Ministry of Human Resource and Development to address regional imbalances in higher educational facilities in states and 16 states were identified for the establishment of central universities.

Further, through the Central universities Amendment Act 2014 another central university was established at Bihar and another Central University was established in Andhra Pradesh in 2018.

Madhya Pradesh to increase the OBC quota and implement EWS

The government of Madhya Pradesh has announced the increase of the reservation quotas for the OBCs and has stated that it would also implement 10 per cent quota for the Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) under the general category.

The government has proposed to increase the reservation for OBCs from the current 14% to 27%. Madhya Pradesh already has 36% reservation for scheduled castes and tribes. The increase in the reservation for OBCs and 10% reservation for EWS will take the reservation in the state to 73%.

Legal Challenges

Since the reservations, breaches the 50 per cent cap set by the Supreme Court in the Indra Sawhney case judgement, the proposed reservation module is said to be legally untenable.

Even though states like Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh have reservations breaching the cap of 50% they were implemented well before the Indra Sawhney case judgement. Earlier states like Rajasthan and Maharashtra had announced reservations exceeding 50 per cent but they couldn’t implement it.

Even the 10 per cent quota for EWS proposed by the Central government already questioned in Supreme Court, the decision of the Madhya Pradesh government is bound to face legal challenges.