Andhra Pradesh [APPSC] Current Affairs - 2020

PM inaugurates IOC’s Ennore LNG Import Terminal

Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the Indian Oil Corporation’s (IOCs) LNG terminal at Ennore.

LNG Terminal

  • Ennore terminal is ambitious terminal for storage and re-gasification of imported LNG, built by the nation’s largest fuel retailer Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL), at a cost of Rs 5,151 crore inside Kamaraj Port at Ennore.
  • The project was commissioned by the IOC through its joint venture company IndianOil LNG Pvt Ltd.
  • The capacity of the LNG terminal is 5-million tonnes per annum (MMTPA).
  • The LNG terminal was commissioned through the shipload of LNG from Swiss trader, Gunvor carried from Qatar.
  • Ennore LNG terminal is part of India’s plan to raise the share of natural gas in the country’s energy basket to 15 per cent by 2030
  • Together with associated pipeline infrastructure projects cumulatively accounts for Rs 9,000 crore.
  • The imported LNG at the terminal will meet the requirements of Chennai Petroleum Corp Ltd, Madras Fertilisers Ltd, Tamil Nadu Petroproducts and Manali Petrochemicals Ltd together with catering to the requirements of the industries in Tamil Nadu and parts of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.

IOC is laying a pipeline of 1244 Km for evacuation of gas from Ennore terminal. The pipeline passes through Manali-Thiruvallur-Puducherry-Nagapattinam-Madurai-Trichy- Tuticorin-Ramnathpuram and a separate line will go to Bengaluru through Hosur.

New Railway Zone for Andhra Pradesh

The Union Minister for Railways Piyush Goyal has announced the creation of new railway zone for Andra Pradesh, Southern Coast Railway Zone to be headquartered in Visakhapatnam.

Key Facts about the Southern Coast Railway Zone

  • The Southern Coast Railway zone would comprise of existing Guntakal, Guntur and Vijayawada divisions that currently fall under the South Central Railway and the  South Central Railway will then consist of the Hyderabad, Secunderabad and Nanded divisions.
  • Waltair division under the East Coast Railway Zone, covering the northern districts of Andhra Pradesh, parts of Chhattisgarh and Odisha will be split into two.
  • One part will be incorporated in the new zone and merged with the neighbouring Vijayawada division, the remaining portion will be converted into a new division, headquartered at Rayagada, under the East Coast Railway (ECoR).

Political Move?

  • Under item 8 of Schedule 13 (Infrastructure) of the Andhra Pradesh Reorganization Act, 2014 Indian Railways was required to examine establishing a new railway zone in the successor state of Andhra Pradesh. Southern Coast Railway Zone is a step forward in this direction.
  • The establishment is largely seen as a political move since the Railway Minister has given assent to the creation of new zone despite the internal report of the Railway Board calling it “catastrophic”.
  • The report had said that creation of a new zone in Andhra Pradesh would be “like putting many nails in the coffin of the Indian Railways.

The South Coast Railway zone would be an 18th Railway zone in the country. Currently, India has 17 zones and a total of 73 divisions.