Andhra Pradesh Current Affairs - 2019
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Indigenously-built anti-submarine warfare stealth corvette INS Kiltan was commissioned an into the Indian Navy at the Eastern Naval Command (Naval Dockyard) in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh
It is India’s first major warship to have a superstructure of carbon fibre composite material resulting in improved stealth features, lower top weight and maintenance costs. About 81% of the ship is indigenous and it is well equipped to fight in Nuclear, Biological and Chemical (NBC) warfare conditions.
INS Kiltan is third of four Kamorta-class corvettes being built under Project 28. It is latest indigenous warship after Shivalik Class, Kolkata Class and sister ships INS Kamorta and INS Kadmatt of Indian Navy’s arsenal. It is also first major warship to have undertaken sea trials of all major weapons and sensors as a pilot project.
The stealth corvette derives its name from one of islands in Aminidivi group of strategically located Lakshadweep and Minicoy group of islands. It has been designed indigenously by Indian Navy’s in-house body Directorate of Naval Design under Project 28 (Kamorta Class).
Features: It is 109 meters in length and 14 meters at beam and is propelled by four diesel engines to achieve speeds in excess of 25 knots with an endurance of 3450 nautical miles. It has displacement capacity of 3500 tonnes and has installed propulsion and auxiliary systems that provides very low radiated underwater noise feature, required for anti-submarine warfare.
Stealth features: Enhanced stealth features of the ship have been achieved by ‘X’ form of Hull, full beam superstructure, inclined ship sides and use of InfraRed Signature Suppression (IRSS) system designed by NSTL for cooling the Engine and Generator exhausts.
Weapons and Sensors suite: The ship hosts predominantly indigenous cutting-edge weapons and sensors suite which includes heavyweight torpedoes, ASW rockets, missile decoy rockets (Chaff), advanced Electronic Support Measure system, 76 mm calibre Medium Range gun and two multi-barrel 30 mm guns as close-in-weapon system (CIWS) with dedicated fire control systems, most advanced bow mounted sonar and air surveillance radar Revathi. In future, it will be installed with short range SAM system and carry an integral ASW helicopter.
Historical Legacy: The ship also boasts of proud legacy of the erstwhile Petya Class ship of same name ‘Kiltan (P79)’ built in the USSR which had actively participated as Task Force Commander in ‘Operation Trident’ during 1971 India-Pakistan war.
Tags: Andhra Pradesh • Anti-submarine Ship • Carbon Fibre • Defence • Eastern Naval Command
Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu laid foundation stone to develop Muktyal to Vijayawada waterway stretch on River Krishna as part of National Waterway 4 at Amaravati in Andhra Pradesh.
The 82-km inland waterway stretch is Phase-1 of National Waterway-4 developed under Sagar Mala project. It will be used mainly for transportation of cement and construction material for new capital city Amaravati.
National Waterway 4
NW-4 in Andhra Pradesh has total length of 2890 km. It is proposed to be developed in three phases viz. Phase-I: Muktyala to Vijayawada (Krishna River) (82 Km), Phase-II: Vijayawada to Kakinada (Eluru canal & Kakinada canal) and Rajahmundry to Polavaram stretch of Godavari (233 Km) and Phase-III: Commamur Canal, Buckingham canal and balance stretches of Krishna & Godavari Rivers (573km)
In Phase I, three cargo terminals are proposed to be built at Muktyala, Ibrahimpatnam and Harishchandrapur. Besides, four Passenger Terminals will be built at Durga Ghat, Bhawani Island, Vedadari, and Amravati. The Phase I work is expected to be completed by June, 2019.
Significance of NW 4
The project will provide efficient logistics solution to boost economic growth of region. It will facilitate development of new capital city Amravati during its early development stage by transporting substantial construction material.
It will also help in controlling traffic congestion and pollution. It will help in saving cost of transportation. Moreover, Ro-Ro services on the route will provide intra-city transportation of passengers and vehicles. It will improve connectivity to tourist and pilgrimage places in and around Vijayawada and Amaravati.