Animal Husbandry Current Affairs - 2020

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India develops new Vaccine to control Swine Fever

The ICAR (Indian Council of Agricultural Research)’s Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI) has developed cell culture Classical Swine Fever vaccine.

Significance

The vaccine will help to save several rabbits. This is because the current vaccine called the Lapinised CSF (Classical Swine Fever) being used is produced by sacrificing large number of rabbits.

The new vaccine invented gives immunity for 2 years as compared to the previous vaccines that provided immunity for 3 to 6 months.

Need

The deadly fever in pigs contribute to 10% of the country’s total meat production. The CSF is one of the deadliest diseases of pigs that is causing loss of Rs 400 crores to India annually. It is also one of the reasons for the swine population to decline in 2019 as compared to the previous census 2012.

Current Scenario

The total requirement of the vaccine in India is 22 million doses per year. However, hardly 1.2 million doses are being produced currently. This is because, only 50 doses can be produced from a rabbit spleen.

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China warns cattle imports as India notifies OIE about cattle disease in Odisha

The Chinese Government has issued warnings against import of cattle and related products from India. The warning comes after India submitted its notification about “lumpy skin disease” virus in cattle to the World Organization of Animal Health (OIE).

China does not officially import buffalo meat from India. However, a large quantity of beef gets smuggled into China through roads and ports.

Notification

India notified to OIE that the outbreak of disease was in August. Also, there were three cases and all three were from the state of Odisha. The main purpose of the organization is to control epizootic diseases. Epizootic is a disease that is prevalent in nonhuman animal population that is analogous to epidemic in humans.

World Organization of Animal Health

OIE is an intergovernmental organization that supports, coordinates and promotes animal disease control. The organization was formed in 1924 as Office International des Epizooties and hence the name OIE. However, in 2003, it became the World Organization for Animal Health retaining its historical name.

Lumpy skin disease

It is an infectious disease in cattle that reduces milk production, causes infertility, poor growth and chronic debility. The disease is caused by the virus Poxviridae. The virus is also called the Neethling virus. The disease causes permanent damage to the skin of the animals and hence has great economic implications.

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