Animal Husbandry Current Affairs - 2019
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Kadaknath chicken meat from Jhabua district of Madhya Pradesh has received Geographical Indication (GI) tag from Chennai based Geographical Indication Registry and Intellectual Property India. GI tag denotes that product comes from particular geographical. Kadaknath chicken was awarded GI tag in “Meat Product, Poultry & Poultry Meat” category. The application for GI was made by Gramin Vikas Trust of Krishak Bharati Cooperative (KRIBHCO) on behalf of tribals of Jhabua district who breed the variety.
GI tag will ensure that no one else can use name Kadaknath Chicken while selling any other black chicken. It will also enhances its commercial value that will translate into higher prices for producers mainly tribal districts of Jhabua.
Kadaknath or Kali Masi (flowl with black flash) is unique breed of chicken that is complete black colour. It is completely black with black plumage having greenish iridescence, black legs, beak, tongue, comb and wattles. Apart from its meat, its bones and most organs are also black. Its black colour stems from deposition of melanin pigment.
This breed of chicken is popular for its adaptability and flavourful good-tasting black meat, which is believed to have medicinal properties. It is native tribal districts of Jhabua, Alirajpur and parts of Dhar in Madhya Pradesh. It is produced mainly in Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh states of India.
Kadaknath chicken contains 25-27% of protein in comparison with other breeds of chickens that contain 18% protein. It is also known for its high iron content. It has fat and cholesterol content lower compared with other chicken breeds. Due to this special characteristics, Kadaknath chicken’s chicks and eggs are sold at much higher rate than other varieties of chicken. This chicken breed is very popular among local tribal people mainly due to its adaptability to the local environment, disease resistance, meat quality, texture and flavour.
Scientists at Central Sheep and Wool Research Institute (CSWRI), Avikanagar, Rajasthan have come up with new laparascope-assisted insemination technique for sheep breeding. It is minor invasive laparascopic technique involves passing rigid fibre-optic laparoscope into abdomen through small incision. Using it, reproductive tract of sheep is located through camera and frozen semen is deposited into uterus.
Significance of new technique
The new technique has resolved difficulties involved in freezing of semen and inability to transit tortuous reproductive tract of sheep kept as livestock. Earlier, success with frozen semen in sheep was very low because of its poor freezability.
The new technique will also help achieve up to 60% survival in birth of lambs. Moreover, it will have immense potential for rapid multiplication of elite germplasm. Using this technique, as many as 40 females can be inseminated from a single ejaculate. It will also be of great help in the breed improvement programmes.