Anti-Microbial Resistance Current Affairs - 2020

Anti-Microbial Coating Technology approved by DST

The Department of Science and Technology recently approved anti-microbial coating developed by Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR).

What is Anti-Microbial Coating

The anti-microbial coating can be applied or fabricated into surfaces such as textiles, plastics, etc. The coating kills the microbes as they come in contact to it. This includes fungus, bacteria, viruses like influenza virus, COVID-19, etc. The technology is first of its kind.

Significance

The coating is to be used in PPEs (Personal Protection Equipment) such as gowns, face shields, gloves used by health care personnel.

Benefits

The Compound developed through the technology is soluble in several solvents such as plastics, textiles, PVC, polystyrene, polyurethane. This eases the use of the compound.  The coating kills the microbes within 30 minutes of contact. The microbes get killed as the coating disrupts the membranes of the pathogens.

The technology adopted to prepare the compound is simple and hence less time consuming. It involves three to four steps with easy purification processes.

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India and Sweden to Increase Cooperation on Anti-Microbial Resistance R and D

The Swedish Health Minister Lena Hallengren after the meeting with Union Health Minister J P Nadda announced that  Anti-microbial resistance (AMR) is really dangerous and India and Sweden intend to boost cooperation to tackle it.

Cooperation to tackle Anti-Microbial Resistance

  • India and Sweden have signed a Memorandum of Understanding to cooperate in the field of various issues, including AMR, communicable diseases and public health On February 24, 2009.
  • AMR work is an “ongoing cooperation” between India and Sweden.
  • There would be bilateral cooperation between companies, between agencies, between universities, institutions.

Sweden hoped that India would join the Alliance of Champions, which is a creation between many countries globally to face and to fight AMR.

Alliance of Champions

The Alliance of Champions was launched by then Swedish Health Minister Gabriel Wikstrom at the 2015 World Health Assembly. Alliance of Champions consisted of health ministers of 14 countries aimed to promote “political awareness, engagement and leadership” on AMR.

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