Anti-Terrorism Day Current Affairs - 2020

Sadbhavna Diwas: Birth anniversary of late Rajiv Gandhi celebrated

Every year 20 August is celebrated as Sadbhavana Diwas or Communal Harmony Day to commemorate birth anniversary of late Rajiv Gandhi, former Prime Minister of India. This day is observed to encourage national integration, peace, affection and communal harmony among Indian people of all religions.

On this observance, close family members and senior Congress party members pay homage to his memory and legacy by laying down wreaths and garlands on Veer Bhoomi, where he was cremated.

About Sadbhavna Diwas

20 August 2019 marks 75th birth anniversary of Rajiv Gandhi. On occasion of Sadbhavna Diwas 2019-

Sonia Gandhi and Rahul Gandhi inaugurated an exhibition dedicated to Rajiv Gandhi titled ‘Memories and Archives of Rajiv Gandhi‘.

Rahul Gandhi inaugurates Rajiv Gandhi Socio-Technical, Knowledge, Innovation and Learning Lab.

Rajiv Gandhi National Sadbhavana Award

In 1992, a year after Rajiv Gandhi’s assassination the All India Congress Committee (AICC) of Indian National Congress (INC) instituted Rajiv Gandhi National Sadbhavana award in memory of former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi.

This award is presented every year to those who have devoted their life in understanding and promoting social harmony. It constitutes a citation and cash Prize of Rs 10 Lakh.

About Rajiv Gandhi

He became the youngest ever prime minister of India at the age of 40. He took over as 6th prime minister after his mother and the prime minister Indira Gandhi was assassinated by her bodyguard in 1984.

He was assassinated by a Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) suicide bomber in May 1991, during an election rally in Sriperumbudur in Tamil Nadu.

His death anniversary is observed as Anti-Terrorism Day.

UGC directs Universities: observe 21 May as Anti-Terrorism Day

The University Grants Commission (UGC, the higher education regulator) has directed universities and higher educational institutions (HEIs) in India to observe 21 May as Anti-Terrorism Day so as to wean youth away from terrorism.

Key Highlights

  • Background: Every year 21 May is observed as Anti-Terrorism Day throughout India. It seeks to spread awareness among people about dangers of violence and terrorism and its effect on people, society and country altogether.
  • Reason: ‘21 May’ marks the death anniversary of former Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi who was assassinated in 1991 at an election rally near Chennai by a women suicide bomber from Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, a separatist Sri Lankan Tamil outfit). The year 2019 mark 28th death anniversary of Late Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi.
  • Objective: to wean youth away from violence and terrorism, and showing them how it is prejudicial to national interest. It also seeks to promote harmony, peace and unity across the nation.
  • UGC also suggested varsities to undertake activities for the day which includes discussions, symposium, debates, pledge taking ceremony and films screening as per the recommendations of Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), Government of India.