appointments Current Affairs - 2020

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Nageshwara Rao Guntur appointed as Chairperson of Atomic Energy Regulatory Board

Union Government has appointed renowned scientist Nageshwara Rao Guntur as Chairperson of Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB). His appointment as the AERB chairperson will be for three years. Guntur is the chairman, Project Design Safety Committee, Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor (PFBR) and former distinguished scientist Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd (NPCIL).

Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB)

It was established in November 1983 to carry out certain regulatory and safety functions in the fields of nuclear and radiation safety on a countrywide basis. It was constituted by President of India by exercising powers conferred by Section 27 of Atomic Energy Act, 1962 to carry out certain regulatory and safety functions under the Act. The regulatory authority of AERB is derived from rules and notifications promulgated under Atomic Energy Act, 1962 and Environmental (Protection) Act, 1986. It is headquartered is in Mumbai, Maharashtra. Its mission is to ensure that use of ionising radiation and nuclear energy in India does not cause undue risk to health and environment. Currently, it consists of full-time Chairman, an ex officio Member, three part-time Members and Secretary.

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Sunil Arora appointed as new Chief Election Commissioner

President Ram Nath Kovind appointed senior IAS officer Sunil Arora as the new Chief Election Commissioner (CEC). He will be the 23rd CEC and shall succeed OP Rawat who retires in December 2018. He will have nearly two-and-a-half-year tenure as CEC and  General Election 2019 will be conducted under his stewardship.

Sunil Arora

He is 1980-batch IAS officer of the Rajasthan cadre. Prior to this appointment, he was Election Commissioner since September 2017. At centre he has served as skill development secretary before was appointed as top bureaucrat in Information & Broadcasting Ministry. He also has worked in ministries and departments such as Finance, Textiles and Planning Commission and was also CMD of Indian Airlines for five years. In his home state, he was one of the most trusted officers of Vasundhara Raje during her earlier term as Rajasthan Chief Minister. He was her principal secretary from 2005 to 2008. He had retired from service in April 2016, following which he was appointed as advisor to Prasar Bharti and then as director general & CEO of Indian Institute of Corporate Affairs.

Election Commission of India (ECI)

It is permanent and independent constitutional body established directly by Constitution of India under Article 324 to ensure fair and fair elections in the country.

Composition: It is multi-member body and currently has three members including Chief Election Commissioner (CEC) and two election commissioners (ECs). They all are appointed by the President.

Service conditions and tenure of office CEC and ECs: They are determined by an act of parliament titled The Chief Election Commissioner and Other Election Commissioners (Conditions of Service) Act, 1991. They hold office for term of six years or until they attain age of 65 years, whichever is earlier.

Powers CEC and ECs: They have equal power and receive equal salary, allowances and other perquisites, which are similar to judge of Supreme Court. In case of difference of opinion amongst CEC and Election Commissioner, matter is decided by Commission by majority.

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