Archaeological Survey of India Current Affairs - 2019

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Facts Box: Ayodya Verdict

Supreme Court recently pronounced its judgement on disputed land in Ayodhya in the Ram Janma Boomi-Babri Masjid case. In 5-0 verdict of the 5-bench judgement, SC said that the land should be handed over to the Hindu trust to build a Hindu temple. It also ordered the GoI to allocate 5 acres of land to the Muslim community to build a Mosque

SC’s judgement was based on ASI’s finding. The case was the longest in the history of Supreme Court after Keshvanand Bharti case.

ASI’s findings

  • Under Allahabad High Court’s court, the disputed site was taken by the ASI for investigation
  • On the whole there were 2 excavations conducted at the disputed site. One in 1976 and the other in 2003.
  • ASI found a circular temple that belonged to 7th century
  • ASI said that the disputed Mosque structure was built in 16th century on top of the ruins of the building
  • ASI also found ruins of Buddhist and Jain temples at the site. They were dated after 7th century
  • Among the ruins ASI found the remains of Kushan and Shung period to Gupta period

The Upcoming Ram Temple

  • The current blueprint of the temple finalized by Vishwa Hindu Parishad resembles the original temple
  • A total of 212 pillars are to be erected.
  • The temple will be 128 feet high, 140 feet in width and 270 feet in length.
  • No steel is to be used in the mammoth structure.
  • 75 lakh cubic feet of sandstone will be used.
  • The temple will have 5 entrances.

ASI finds 2,000-year-old trade center in Andhra Pradesh

The ASI (Archaeological Survey of India) recently discovered that the present-day state of Andhra Pradesh had a maritime center near the banks of Swarnamukhi river around 2,000 years ago.

Highlights

  • The excavations were performed at the state’s Gottiprolu that began in December, 2018.
  • The ASI unearthed brick-built structures in varied shapes. The sizes of the bricks were common in the Satavahana/Ikshvaku period of the Krishna valley.
  • Also, the team unearthed four armed sculptures of Lord Vishnu. The sculpture belongs to Pallava period according to the analysis of headgear and drapery.
  • Also, a series of broken terracotta pipes were found. This suggests that the period had a good system of drainage.
  • So far, the ASI has excavated about 10% of the site in the first round. The second round is set to begin in November or December, 2019.

Swarnamukhi river

  • The river is located in southern India
  • The Kalyani Dam is constructed across the river at Tirupati city. The shrines Tirupati and Kalahasti are located in the banks of the river.