Architecture Current Affairs - 2020

GoI nominates 2 sites to be included in World Heritage Sites List

The Government of India submitted two nomination dossiers for their inclusion in World Heritage List for the year 2020. They are as follows

  • Dholavira: A Harappan City
  • Monuments and Forts of Deccan Sultanate

Dholavira

The dholavira is an archaeological site in Gujarat. It consists of ruins of ancient Indus Valley Civilization. It is located in Kutch Desert Wildlife Sanctuary, the largest wildlife sanctuary in India area wise. The site is located on the Tropic of Cancer.

The city of Dholavira is estimated to be older than Lothal. The unique feature of Dholavira is its water conservation system. It had massive water storage reservoirs.

Kutch Desert Wildlife Sanctuary

It is a saline wetland. The land has an average depth of 0.5 metres to 1.5 metres. It dries up and turns into a saline desert in the months of October and November. Also, it supports variety of water birds and mammals.

Deccan Sultanate

The Deccan Sultanates were 5 major kingdoms. They ruled between Vindhya Range and Krishna river in the Deccan Plateau. Their architecture was Indo-Islamic and greatly influenced by the Mughal architecture. There are 4 major places that are addressed as Deccan Sultanate Monuments and Forts. They are

  • Bidar Fort
  • Bijapur Monuments-It consists of second largest dome in the world that was constructed before modern age.
  • Golconda Fort-The Fort is famous for its water management. The Golconda rose to prominence under Bahamani Sultanate
  • Gulbarga fort-It was the initial capital of the Bahamani Sultanate.

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Plan to build new Parliament Building

On December 21, 2019, GoI announced that the 9.5-acre plot opposite to Parliament building is to be used for the construction of new Parliament building. This officially confirms that the plan to build a new Parliamentary building is on. There were concerns and objections regarding the plan in the earlier stages.

The Government of India is planning to build a new Parliament House. Under the plan, a new Central Secretariat will be built for all ministries that are spread over many buildings across Delhi.

Highlights

In September 2019, the Central Public Works Department set massive project by issuing request for redevelopment of parliamentary building and for the development of new secretariat. The project will cost Rs 12,450 crores. The deadline of the project completion is fixed as March 2022 (75th year of Independence). The new building will have lifespan of 150 to 200 years.

Background

The Parliament House was built by the British between 1911 and 1931. After 1947, government of independent India added buildings like Krishi Bhavan, Shastri Bhavan and Nirman Bhavan. These buildings are not earth quake proof and do have modern facilities and space that are in need today.

History

The Parliament Architecture was designed by British Architects Sir Edwin Lutyens and Sir Herbert Baker in 1912. The structure includes hybrid architectural style namely Hindu, Roman and Saracenic.

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