Architecture Current Affairs - 2020

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Plan to build new Parliament Building

On December 21, 2019, GoI announced that the 9.5-acre plot opposite to Parliament building is to be used for the construction of new Parliament building. This officially confirms that the plan to build a new Parliamentary building is on. There were concerns and objections regarding the plan in the earlier stages.

The Government of India is planning to build a new Parliament House. Under the plan, a new Central Secretariat will be built for all ministries that are spread over many buildings across Delhi.

Highlights

In September 2019, the Central Public Works Department set massive project by issuing request for redevelopment of parliamentary building and for the development of new secretariat. The project will cost Rs 12,450 crores. The deadline of the project completion is fixed as March 2022 (75th year of Independence). The new building will have lifespan of 150 to 200 years.

Background

The Parliament House was built by the British between 1911 and 1931. After 1947, government of independent India added buildings like Krishi Bhavan, Shastri Bhavan and Nirman Bhavan. These buildings are not earth quake proof and do have modern facilities and space that are in need today.

History

The Parliament Architecture was designed by British Architects Sir Edwin Lutyens and Sir Herbert Baker in 1912. The structure includes hybrid architectural style namely Hindu, Roman and Saracenic.

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Japanese architect Arata Isozaki wins Pritzker Prize

Japanese Architect Arata Isozaki has received the Pritzker Prize 2019. He is the 46th laureate and eighth architect from Japan to win the Pritzker Prize. Arata Isozaki will be awarded the prize of $100,000 (£76,000) and a bronze medallion in May at a ceremony at the Château de Versailles in France.

Some of his major works include Museum of Contemporary Art in Los Angeles, Palau Saint Jordi indoor sporting arena in Barcelona, he Allianz Tower in Milan, Italy, Qatar’s National Convention Centre, Kitakyushu’s Central Library in Japan, Thessaloniki concert hall’s second auditorium, M2, in Greece, Nara Centennial Hall in Japan etc.

Pritzker Prize

Pritzker Prize is an annual award to honour a living architect or architects whose built work demonstrates a combination of those qualities of talent, vision, and commitment, which has produced consistent and significant contributions to humanity and the built environment through the art of architecture.

The award constituted by Pritzker family of Chicago through their Hyatt Foundation in 1979. is often referred to as “architecture’s Nobel” and “the profession’s highest honour.”

Earlier awardees of the coveted prize include India’s Balkrishna Doshi, Jorn Utzon who designed the Sydney Opera House, Oscar Niemeyer of Brazil and the British-Iraqi designer, Zaha Hadid.

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