Art and Culture Current Affairs - 2019

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 ‘Basava Jayanti’ 2019 observed on May 7

Basava Jayanthi was observed on birthday of Basavanna, a Hindu Kannada poet of 12th century. It was traditionally observed by the Lingayats (also called Virashaiva, are devotees of Shiva in southern India).

Basava Jayanti 2019

  • It was celebrated across states like Karnataka (a government holiday), Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh.
  • On occasion of Jayanthi people offers prayers to Lord Basaveshwar temples and Lingayat committees organise various events for celebration.
  • At Kudalasangama, Basava Jayanti is celebrated for six to seven day. It is visited by many followers of Basavanna.
  • In Basavanna temples several cultural and spiritual programs were also held.

About Basavanna ( Basava)

  • The 12th-century saint-philosopher rejected ritualistic worship and pre-eminence of Vedas. He is believed to be founding saint of Lingayat section.
  • He is also known as Bhaktibhandari (literally, the treasurer of devotion), or Basaveswara (Lord Basava).
  • He was a great Kannada poet and philosopher.
  • As a social reformer he spread awareness on social issues like gender and social prejudice. He also advocated that irrespective of castes all human beings are equal and all forms of manual labour were equally important.
  • Birth: According to scriptures, Basavanna was born on third day of Vaisakha month of Anandanama (Samvatsara) in year 1134 A.D. His followers believe that with birth of prophet Basavanna, a new era began. People refer to year as ‘Basava Era’ or ‘Basaveshwar Era’.
  • Life: He was born in Karnataka’s Ingaleshwar, Bagewadi town (20 km away from Hungund taluk). He grew up in Kudalasangama and married Gangambikel, who was daughter of Bijjala’s (famous Chalukya kings) prime minister.
  • He later became chief minister of Bijjal’s kingdom, and started Anubhava Mantapae. ‘First Parliament Concept of the World’, which later became a commonplace for people of all classes to discuss spiritual topics.
  • Literary Work: includes Vachana Sahitya. This includes various Vachana (meaning ‘that which is said’) like Kala-jnana-vachana (future forecast), Ghatachakra-vachana, Mantra-gopya, Shat-sthala-vachana (6 stages of salvation) and Raja-yoga-vachana.
  • He is also known for introducing Ishtalinga (a necklace with a pendant that contains a small Shiva Linga).

NOTE: On 14 November 2015, Prime Minister Narendra Modi, inaugurated statue of Basavanna along bank of river Thames at Lambeth in London, UK. Moreover, Basavanna is first Kannadiga in whose honour a commemorative coin has been minted in recognition of his social reforms.

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4th edition of Kochi-Muziris biennale inaugurated

Fourth edition of Kochi-Muziris biennale was inaugurated by Kerala Chief Minister at Parade Ground in Fort Kochi, Kerala. The Biennale was curated by Anita Dube and become the first Biennale in world in which participation of women accounts for half of the participating artists. The 108-day long event will showcase 94 artists in 10 venues of the city. The Theme of the Biennale is – “Possibilities for a Non- Alienated Life”.

Kochi Muziris Biennale

It is the largest contemporary art exhibition of India held in Kochi, Kerala. The event is the combined effort of Kochi Biennale Foundation and government of India. The aim of the initiative is to bring artist from around the globe and promote contemporary art. Contemporary artists Bose Krisnamachari and Riyaz Komu proposed the state government the idea of Biennale on the lines of Venice Biennale. First Kochi-Muziris Biennale began in December 2012.

Kochi Biennale Foundation

It is a non-profit charitable trust founded in 2010 for promoting art and culture educational activities in India. It is the primary organization to host Kochi-Muziris Biennale. It also works towards the conservation of heritage properties and upliftment of tradition art.

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