Article 214 Current Affairs - 2019

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Justice A S Oka sworn in as Chief Justice of Karnataka High Court

Justice Abhay Shreeniwas Oka was sworn-in as the Chief Justice of Karnataka High Court. He now becomes 31st Chief Justice of Karnataka HC. His oath of office was administered by Karnataka Governor Vajubhai R Vala, at Raj Bhavan in Bengaluru.

Key Facts

  • The Karnataka Chief Justice office had fallen vacant after then incumbent Justice Dinesh Maheshwari was elevated as a Supreme Court (SC) judge in January 2019.
  • After erstwhile Chief Justice Maheshwari’s elevation Justice L Narayana Swamy was appointed as Acting Chief Justice of Karnataka High Court
  • On 30 April 2019, central government on recommendation of the SC collegium (constituted on April 8) notified the Justice Shreeniwas Oka’s appointment as Chief Justice Karnataka by President Ram Nath Kovind.

About Justice Shreeniwas Oka

  • The 58 year old Justice Oka, enrolled as an Advocate in 1983 started his practice in Thane District Court, Maharashtra.
  • In 1985-86, he joined office of V P Tipnis, a former Lok Ayukta and former Judge of Bombay High Court and appeared in many major cases including public interest litigations (PILs).
  • In August 2003 he was appointed as an additional judge of Bombay High Court in and in November 2005 he was appointed as a permanent Judge.
  • Before his appointment as Chief Justice of Karnataka he was serving as second senior-most judge in Bombay High Court.

High Courts in India

According to Article 214 of Indian constitution, each state of India shall have a High Court. The Chief Justice of a High Court is appointed in accordance to Article 217 of Indian constitution by President with consultation of Chief Justice of India (CJI) and the Governor of respective State.

Justice PR Ramachandra Menon sworn in as Chief Justice of Chhattisgarh

Justice PR Ramachandra Menon was sworn in as Chief Justice of Chhattisgarh High Court. He now becomes 13th Chief Justice of Chhattisgarh HC. His oath of office and secrecy was administered by state Governor Anandiben Patel at Raj Bhawan, Raipur.

Key Facts

  • The Chhattisgarh High Court is located at Bodri District in Bilaspur, Chattisgarh.
  • The Chhattisgarh Chief Justice office had fallen vacant after resignation of Chief Justice Ajay Kumar Tripathi after his appointment as judicial member of Lokpal.
  • Supreme Court three judge collegium headed by Chief Justice of India (CJI) Ranjan Gogoi and other two Justice S A Bobde and Justice N V Ramana recommended appointment of Justice Menon.
  • Justice Menon has earlier served as Additional Judge of Kerala High Court from January 2009 and was later appointed as permanent Judge of Kerala High Court on December 2010.

High Courts in India

The Article 214 of constitution of India mandates each state of India shall have a High Court. The Chief Justice of High Court is appointed as per Article 217 of constitution by President with consultation of CJI and Governor of respective State. The HC Judges are appointed by President in consultation with Chief Justice of India, and also Chief justice of concerned court.