Article 342 Current Affairs - 2020

50th Governors Conference inaugurated in Rashtrapathi Bhavan

A two-day conference of governors is being held at Rashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi. It was attended by President Ram Nath Kovind, PM Narendra Modi and other ministers. The conference is being held between 23 November, 2019 and 24 November, 2019.

Highlights

The conference started with the inaugural address of President Ram Nath Kovind, followed by the address of PM Modi. Around 17 first time governors and Lt. Governors are participating in the event. It includes the governors of newly formed Ladakh and Kashmir regions as well.

Prime Minister Modi insisted the Governors to work in health, education and tourism sector.

President laid the importance of the roles of governors in empowerment of tribals. With their constitutional powers, they can help improve their lives in terms of education, health, financial inclusion, etc.

Article 342

According to the article, the President after consulting the Governor, may specify the tribal communities or groups to be scheduled in relation to that state or union territory. Such orders can be modified only by act of Parliament. Hence, governors play significant role in lives of tribes.

Parivara and Talawara: Cabinet approves inclusion of communities ST list in Karnataka

The Union Cabinet has given its in principle approval for inclusion of communities, namely ‘Parivara and Talawara’ as synonym of Nayaka at in the list of Scheduled Tribes (STs) of Karnataka. This approval fulfils long term demand of these communities for granting ST status in Karnataka. With this inclusion, persons belonging to these communities will be eligible to get ST certificate from Karnataka. They will also be eligible for all benefits meant for ST in state.

Background

Scheduled Tribes are notified under Article 342 of Constitution. Karnataka Government had recommended for inclusion of Parivara and Talawara communities as synonyms of ‘Nayaka’ in list STs of state. The first specification of STs in relation to particular State/Union territory is by notified Order of President, after consultation with concerned state government/UT. Any subsequent inclusion in or exclusion from and other modifications in list of STs can be made only through amending Act of Parliament.