Artificial Intelligence Current Affairs - 2019
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The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has announced the introduction of Artificial Intelligence (AI), Early Childhood Care Education (ECCE), and Yoga as skill subjects in the school curriculum for academic session 2019-20.
AI will be introduced as an optional sixth subject for Class IX whereas ECCE and Yoga are being introduced as elective subjects at senior secondary level.
Rationale behind Introduction
- The circular of CBSE notes that AI in the past few years has gained geo-strategic importance and a large number of countries are striving to stay ahead with their policy initiatives to get their country ready.
- There is a huge requirement for yoga professionals and early childhood educators.
- Yoga will also teach a way of living that aims towards a healthy mind in a healthy body.
- Early Childhood Education prepares the students to teach children of nursery and kindergarten classes’ happy education or other systems of child-centric education.
Central Board of Secondary Education
Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) is a national level board of education in India for public and private schools and it is controlled and managed by Union Government of India.
The genesis of the CBSE can be traced to UP Board of High School and Intermediate Education was the first Board set up in 1921. This board was expanded in 1929 as the ‘Board of High School and Intermediate Education, Rajputana. But later its jurisdiction was curtailed to Ajmer, Bhopal and Vindhya Pradesh.
In 1952, the constitution of the Board was amended and the Board was given its present name ‘Central Board of Secondary Education’. The actual reconstitution took place in the year 1962.
CBSE conducts the final exams for Class 10 and Class 12 every year, National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET), Central Teacher Eligibility Test (twice a year) UGC’s National Eligibility Test (twice a year) and the entrance test for Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas.
Tags: AI • Artificial Intelligence • CBSE • Central Board of Secondary Education • Early Childhood Care Education • ECCE • Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas • National Eligibility cum Entrance Test • National Eligibility Test • NEET • UGC • Yoga
The Prime Minister’s Science, Technology and Innovation Council (PM-STIAC) has identified nine national missions to address major scientific challenges to ensure India’s sustainable development. Through the nine missions, the PM-STIAC aims to facilitate collaboration to solve complex problems.
Nine Missions Identified
Natural Language Translation
Through a combination of machine and human translation, the mission aims to enable access to teaching and research material bilingually i.e. in English and one’s native Indian language.
This mission aims to initiate works in control of the quantum mechanical systems, with a large number of degrees of freedom, as one of the great contemporary challenges in fundamental science and technology.
The mission focuses on efforts that will benefit India in addressing societal needs in areas such as healthcare, education, agriculture, smart cities and infrastructure, including smart mobility and transportation
National Biodiversity Mission
This mission involves
- Comprehensive documentation of India’s biodiversity with the potential for cataloguing and mapping all lifeforms in India including associated cultural and traditional practices.
- Assessment of the distribution and conservation status of India’s biodiversity.
- Development of a cadre of professionals adept at handling large sets of environmental data for management and monitoring of biodiversity.
- Expansion of knowledge in ecosystem functioning that will inform restoration efforts.
- Establishment of a vibrant biodiversity based economy on a solid foundation of reliable information, engagement with the public.
- Enhanced options for agricultural production and livelihood security and the general well-being of society.
The mission aims to reduce India’s fossil fuel emissions and mitigate emissions by making Electric Vehicles economical and scalable through focused research, development and innovation and building of indigenous capacity.
BioScience for Human Health
The mission through the use of healthy and disease samples aims to understand the impact of nature and nurture on health. The mission aims to construct comprehensive reference maps of genomes and to understand the dynamics of how exposure to different environments have an impact on our bodies.
Waste To Wealth
The mission aims to identify, develop and deploy technologies to treat waste to generate energy, recycle materials and extract worth. The mission will work to identify and support the development of new technologies that hold promise in creating a clean and green environment.
Deep Ocean Exploration
The mission aims to scientifically explore the deep oceans towards improving our understanding of the blue frontier. The information from this mission will address issues arising from long term changes in the ocean due to climate change.
This mission aims to support the national efforts to boost the innovation ecosystem in the country by connecting innovators across the industry, individuals and the grassroots to the market and helping commercialise innovative solutions. It will provide a platform for innovators to bring their technology ready products and solutions to industry 6 and the market thereby helping propel techno-entrepreneurship which can usher a new era of inclusive socio-economic growth.
Tags: Agnii • Artificial Intelligence • BioScience for Human Health • Deep Ocean Exploration • Electric Vehicles • National Biodiversity Mission • Natural Language Translation • PM STIAC • Prime Minister’s Science Technology and Innovation Council • Quantum Frontier • Waste to Wealth