Arunachal Pradesh Current Affairs - 2019

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Indian Army begins its first mountain combat exercise ‘Him Vijay’ in Arunachal Pradesh

The Indian army will begin its first ever mountain combat on October 7. The exercise is to test the mobility, coordination and communication of the troops in difficult terrain. The exercise is to be conducted in two phases.

Highlights of the exercise

  • The first phase will be held between October 7 and October 10, 2019. The second phase will be held between October 20 and October 24, 2019.
  • The exercise will include threes battle groups, each comprising of 4,000 soldiers. This is the largest military exercise in the history of Indian defense. The exercise includes mountain assault and air assault as well.
  • The exercise is done more than 100 km in the Indian Territory from the Line of Actual Control
  • The army helicopters and air force are to transfer the troops and equipment at the terrain up to 15,000 feet.

Significance of the exercise

The exercise is important for the validation of the Integrated Battle Group (IBG) that was newly raised with new operational concepts. The IBG was established to meet the modern warfare considering the military progress of the enemy threats.

IBG – Integrated Battle Group

IBG was created in 2018. It was created for quicker and formidable launch of attack on enemy. There are about 5 to 6 IBG units. The configuration of the unit depends on the aim the forces require to achieve at that point of time and also depends on the operational terrain.

The Combat arms of the IBG namely armored, Infantry, Artillery, mechanized infantry will be trained together at one place. Based on the terrain desert, mountain or plains the intelligence team of engineers, signal support, communication support, supply will be integrated.

Concerns

The exercise is to be conducted almost on the same timeline of Chinese President Xi Kingping arrival to India between October 11 and 13. He is to attend a second informal meeting with the Indian PM Modi at Mamallpuram, Tamil Nadu.

India and China share boundary of 3,488 km. Of which, 1126 km lies between Tibet and Arunachal Pradesh. The exercise is to be conducted at a distance of 100 km from the Line of Actual Control in the Indian Territory.

Each troop holds more than 4,000 soldiers. The protocol requires that if either sideline of Actual Control, it shall not be targeted against the other side.

Ponung Doming – First woman officer from Arunachal Pradesh to become Lieutenant Colonel In Indian Army

Ponung Doming is the first lady officer from Arunachal Pradesh in the Indian army to be elevated to the rank of Lieutenant colonel.

She was commissioned into the Indian army as Lieutenant in 2008. She is currently posted in Pune, Maharashtra. Doming had completed her graduation in civil engineering. She served the UN Peace keeping force in Congo in 2014.

Women in Indian Armed forces

Women in armed forces were recruited only in the officer’s rank till 2018. The Indian army for the first time issued notification in 2019 inviting female applicants for the position of Soldier General Duty, personnel below officer rank. There are around 3.8% of women officers in the army. Navy has 6% of women officers and air force has 13% of women officers.

Punita Arora was the first woman officer to become Lieutenant General in the Indian armed forces. She had won 15 medals in her 36 years of services in the Indian armed forces. She was from Punjab.

In India, females are not allowed to serve in combat units like armored corps, infantry and Mechanised infantry. The role of women in Indian army began in 1888 when the British Raj began Indian Military Nursing Service. It was only in 1992, the Indian army began inducting women in non – medical roles. Later in 2007, the UN first all female peace keeping force was deployed to Liberia by India. This was first of its kind not only in India but through out the world!