Arunachal Pradesh Current Affairs - 2019
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Arunachal Pradesh Legislative assembly has passed Arunachal Pradesh Re-Organisation of Districts (Amendment) Bill, 2018 for the creation of three new districts, Pakke-Kesang, Lepa Rada and Shi Yomi in the state. The bill was passed by voice vote. These new districts were created keeping in view growing demands of people, bring administration to their door-steps and for all-round equal development in all parts of the state. With addition of these three new districts, state will have total 25 districts from earlier 22 districts
Pakke-Kessang district: It will be carved out of East Kameng district with five administrative units namely Pakke-Kessangn, Seijosa, Pijiriang, Passa Valley and Dissingn Passo with district headquarters at Lemmi.
Lepa Rada district: It will be created by bifurcating Lower Siang district with headquarters at Basar. It will have four administrative units Tirbin, Basar, Daring and Sago.
Shi-Yomi district: It will be created by bifurcating West Siang district with its headquarters at Tato. It will have four administrative units namely Mechuka, Tato, Pidi and Manigong.
Arunachal Pradesh-based NGO Singchung Bugun Community Reserve (SBVCR) won the India Biodiversity Award 2018 in the “Conservation of wildlife species” category. It was awarded for its efforts to conserve rare critically endangered bird Bugun Liocichla.
India Biodiversity Award
The award is joint initiative of Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC), National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) and United Nations Development programme (UNDP). It recognises contribution of a range of stakeholders towards the conservation of biodiversity. It is given in four categories viz. Conservation of Threatened Species, Sustainable use of biological resources, Successful models for access and benefit sharing and Biodiversity Management Committees.
Singchung Bugun Community Reserve
Singchung Bugun Community Reserve is 17 square km biodiversity hotspot in Arunachal Pradesh. It was instituted under Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. It is home to critically endangered bird species Bugun Liocichla, which is not reported anywhere else in world. It lies right next to Eaglesnest Wildlife sanctuary, a biodiversity hotspot, which is also home to the bird species.
The bird was identified as a new species in 2006 and is reportedly only new bird species to have been discovered in India since 1947. It has been named after Bugun tribe because of their conservation efforts. International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has classified Liocichla as Critically Endangered (CR). There are only about 20-24 pairs which live in the area.
It is established under Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. It enables any state government to declare community-owned forest area as “community reserve” if locals are willing to participate in conservation efforts for same. Under it, community reserve receives same legal protection as National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries.