Arunachal Pradesh Current Affairs - 2019
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The states of Tripura, Manipur and Meghalaya celebrated their 47th Statehood Day on 21st January. The states of Tripura, Manipur and Meghalaya became full-fledged states on January 21, 1972.
State Reorganisation of North-East
At the time of Independence, India’s North-East region composed of three kinds of entities mentioned below:
- Assam Province of British India.
- Princely states of Manipur and Tripura.
- North East Frontier Province (NEFA).
Manipur and Tripura were granted the status Union Territories in 1949. On 1 December 1963 statehood was granted for Nagaland. Meghalaya was made an autonomous state within Assam via the Assam Reorganisation (Meghalaya) Act of 1969 as per the sixth schedule of the constitution. In 1972, Manipur, Meghalaya and Tripura were granted full statehood via the North East Reorganization Act 1972 and the Mizo Hills region of Assam and NEFA were converted into a Union Territory. As a result of the Mizo Accord of 1986, Mizoram emerged as a full-fledged state of India in 1987. Even the NEFA (Arunachal Pradesh) was granted full-fledged statehood in 1987.
Meghalaya has organised a week-long programme on the theme, ‘Celebrating Meghalaya-India’, on the occasion of the 47th Statehood Day and the 70th Republic Day.
The Union Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman inaugurated the 426.60 m long Pre Stressed Concrete Box Girder type Diffo bridge over Diffo river on Roing – Koronu- Paya road in Arunachal Pradesh.
The Diffo bridge will provide for uninterrupted access between Dibang Valley and Lohit valley region of Eastern Arunachal Pradesh together with providing an all-weather road to our troops deployed on the China border.
The construction of the Bridge was undertaken by the Project Udayak of the Border Roads Organisation.
Project Udayank of the Border Roads Organisation was raised on June 1990 at Doomdooma Assam. The name of the project Udayank is synonymous to the land of rising sun which fits appropriately to the area it operates. It consists of two border road taskforces undertaking construction activities in the northeastern region.
Border Roads Organisation
Border Roads Organisation (BRO) develops and maintains road networks in India’s border areas and friendly neighbouring countries. Border Road Organisation has also undertaken the infrastructure development activities in neighbouring countries such as Afghanistan, Bhutan, Myanmar, and Sri Lanka.
During the peacetime, the BRO is vested with responsibilities to
- Develop & Maintain the Operational Road Infrastructure of General Staff (GS) in the Border Areas.
- Contribute to the Socio-Economic Development of the Border States.
During Wartime, BRO is responsible for
- Developing & Maintaining Roads to Keep Line of Control through in Original Sectors and Re-deployed Sectors.
- Executing Additional Tasks as laid down by the Govt Contributing to the War Effort.
The Border Roads Organisation works under the Ministry of Defence.