Arunachal Pradesh Current Affairs - 2020
Indian Air Force’s AN-32 transport aircraft goes missing after taking off from Jorhat in Assam. The airborne aircraft had total 13 people on board including eight aircrew and five passengers.
- AN-32 aircraft got airborne on 3 June from Jorhat at 12:27 p.m. for Mechuka Advanced Landing Ground (only 29 kms from the China border), in Mechuka Valley in West Siang District of Arunachal Pradesh. It last contacted ground agencies at around 1:00 p.m. after that there has been was no contact with the aircraft.
- Since the aircraft lost the contact and did not reach the destination also Indian Air Force initiated overdue actions.
- C 130J Super Hercules aircraft, AN-32 military transport aircraft, two Mi-17 (medium twin-turbine transport helicopter)of Indian Air Force (IAF) and ALH (Advanced Light Helicopters) helicopter of Indian Army were launched to locate the missing aircraft.
- Helicopters were routed to the location after some ground reports were received about possible location of a crash site however no wreckage has been sighted so far.
- IAF is in continuous coordination with Indian Army and with various government and civil agencies to locate the missing aircraft.
- The Search operation to locate the missing IAF AN-32 aircraft is underway with operation from air by IAF and by ground parties of Indian Army and the Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP).
About Anton AN-32
- It is a tactical transport aircraft and is an extensive used by Indian Air Force (IAF).
- It has been in service since 1984 and has been a trustworthy workhorse for the IAF for many years.
- Specification: As the service ceiling of Antonov An-32 turboprop aircraft is 31,000ft so it flies lower and slower (with a cruising speed of 470 kmph) than most commercial jetliners (which have a service ceiling of 40,000ft), thus this gives lesser room for the An-32 to outrun bad weather or climb over it.
Tags: ALH • AN-32 • AN-32 Search Operation • Arunachal Pradesh • Assam
The Geological Survey of India (GSI) in its report revealed that about 35 % of India’s total Graphite reserves is found in Arunachal Pradesh. This is the highest found in country.
Key findings of Report
- About: The GSI presented the said data during its annual interactive meeting with the Department of Geology and Mining & Industries, Government of Arunachal Pradesh in Itanagar (Arunachal Pradesh Capital).
- Issue: At present India imports majority of Graphite from other countries.
- Importance: With 35 % of India’s Graphite deposits being found in Arunachal Pradesh, the State could now be developed as leading producer of graphite in country thus helping in meeting its future needs.
- Suggestions: The Arunachal Pradesh’s secretary of Department of Geology and Mining suggested that the survey and drilling activities of GSI should be moved towards India-China international Border.
- As per the reports China is undertaking huge graphite mining activities across the border in Tibet Autonomous Region. Therefore, road and infrastructure development towards the (Sino-India) international border should act as a boon for exploration and extraction of mineral at the same time meeting India needs and reducing imports.
- Note: of the total 3,488 km border India shares with China, Arunachal Pradesh shares 1,126 km.
About Geological Survey of India (GSI)
- It was founded in 1851 with primarily goal of finding coal deposits for the Railways.
- It is an attached office to the Ministry of Mines and it is Headquartered in Kolkata.
- Function: To create and update national geoscientific information and mineral resource assessment.
- Services Undertaken: The objectives of GSI are achieved through various surveys like marine, air-borne, ground, and also by mineral investigations. It also undertakes multi-disciplinary studies like geo-environmental, geoscientific, geo-technical, and natural hazards, and carrying out fundamental research.
- It is the most stable allotrope of Carbon, with standard entropy being zero.
- It is the only non-metal element which is a good conductor of electricity.
- It is also known as a dry lubricant for its greasy feel.
- It has many industrial applications, especially for products that need very high heat.
Tags: Arunachal Pradesh • China • Department of Geology and Mining • Geological Survey of India • Graphite Reserve