ASHA Current Affairs - 2019

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Labour Ministry is celebrating Pension Week

The Labor Ministry is celebrating pension week from November 30, 2019 to December 6, 2019 in order to increase enrolments under National Pension Scheme (NPS) for traders and Pradhan Mantri Shram Yogi Maan-dhan (PM-SYM). The aim of the celebration is to enroll 1 crore beneficiaries under PMSYM and 50 lakh beneficiaries under NPS-traders.

Highlights

The observation of the week was inaugurated by the Minister of State for Labour and Employment Shri Santosh Gangwar. As a part of the celebration, awareness campaigns are to be organized among 10 crore Ayushman beneficiaries, 40 lakh Anganwadi workers during the initial days. The campaigns will explain the pension schemes being offered by the Government of India and their benefits and importance. The campaign will also include 2.5 crore Self Help Group members, 4 to 5 crore building and other construction workers and 10 lakh ASHA workers.

Significance

In order increase enrollments the monthly contribution of the scheme has been kept at the lowest level ranging from Rs 55 to 200 per month. When a person joins a pension scheme he enjoys tax deduction up to 10% of basic salary. The schemes are designed in such a way that after retirement the person can fulfil his basic needs with a minimal monthly amount, say Rs 6000.

Combating HIV

India has made significant progress in the fight against HIV/AIDS in recent years. The following steps have been initiated by the government to strengthen the fight against HIV:

  • A 360-degree multimedia campaign along with mass media supported by outdoor media such as hoardings, bus panels, information kiosks, folk performances and exhibition vans to create awareness on HIV/AIDS has been initiated.
  • Training and sensitization programmes for Self-Help Groups, Anganwadi workers, ASHA, members of Panchayati Raj Institutions and other key stakeholders are also being organised to spread awareness about treatment and other facilities.
  • Awareness activities are being conducted amongst High-Risk Groups including Female Sex Workers, Men having Sex with Men, Injecting Drug Users, Hijra/ Transgenders and Bridge Population like truck drivers, migrants etc. as part of Targeted Intervention projects.
  • HIV & AIDS (Prevention and Control) Act, 2017 has been notified to address the challenges related to the disease in a comprehensive way.
  • The act addresses various issues like discrimination against People Living with HIV at the workplace, an education setting, health setting and public places and also provides for a robust grievance redressal mechanism where compliant against discrimination would be disposed by Ombudsman at the state level.
  • Steps have been taken by the government to track the patients through HIV diagnosis from care to treatment
  • Patients diagnosed with HIV are put on Anti Retro Viral Treatment irrespective of their CD4 Count.
  • Mission Sampark has been launched to reach out to all those who are Left to Follow Up and are to be brought under Antiretroviral therapy (ART) services.
  • Counsellors are tasked to ensure tracking of HIV positive patients through telephone and home visits in the case of those who drop out between diagnosis and treatment to maintain their adherence to treatment.

The Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare launched the National Strategic Plan 2017-24 aimed at eradicating HIV/AIDS by 2030.