Ashok Chakra Current Affairs - 2020

Ambedkar Jayanti celebrated throughout the country

On April 14, 2020, India celebrated the 129th birth anniversary of Bhimarao Ramji Ambedkar. Amidst the lock down, his birth anniversary is being celebrated digitally by the whole of India. The Indian Constitution was prepared under the leadership of Ambedkar.

About Ambedkar

Ambedkar was born in Mhow, Madhya Pradesh. It was a small cantonment in Indore district. The town was later renamed as Dr Ambedkar Nagar in 2003. He was born as Hindu and later converted into a Buddhist. He was recognised as modern Buddha of his age.

He was a great scholar who could speak Pali, Hindi, Sanskrit, French, English, Marathi, German, Gujarati and Persian.

Ambedkar was the last and 14thChild to his parents.

Awards

He has won several awards namely Bodhisattva in 1956, Bharat Ratna in 1990. He was also awarded The Greatest Indian award in 2012. When the Tri-coloured Indian flag was created, it was Ambedkar who placed the Ashok Chakra in the middle.

IAF Corporal Jyoti Prakash Nirala posthumously conferred with Ashok Chakra

President Ram Nath Kovind awarded India’s highest peacetime military decoration Ashok Chakra (31) posthumously to Indian Air Force (IAF) Garud commando Corporal Jyoti Prakash Nirala. He had laid down his life after gunning down two terrorists in Jammu and Kashmir. He is the third Ashok Chakra for the IAF and its first for ground combat. Other two IAF officers are Rakesh Sharma (first and still only Indian citizen to go to space) and Flying Officer Nirmaljit Singh Sekhon posthumously decorated with the Param Vir Chakra in 1972.

Corporal Jyoti Prakash Nirala

He had joined the IAF in 2005 and was ‘Corporal’ when he was martyred. He was part of small Garud commando batch attached to Indian Army’s specialized counter-insurgency force, Rashtriya Rifles under the aegis of ‘Op Rakshak’ in J&K, when he was martyred.

On November 18, 2017, the Rashtriya Rifles-Garud team, acting on intelligence inputs, surrounded house in Chandragarh village in Hajin in J&K, when they came under heavy fire from terrorists holed up inside. Nirala, armed with light machine gun (LMG) had displayed conspicuous bravery in confronting terrorists and killing two to three of them despite himself being hit by bullets. The gunfight resulted in the killing of six terrorists. Corporal Nirala had exhibited most conspicuous gallantry in fighting with terrorists and made supreme sacrifice.

Ashoka Chakra

It is India’s highest peacetime military decoration awarded for valor, courageous action or self-sacrifice away from the battlefield It is the peace time equivalent of the Param Vir Chakra and is awarded for the most conspicuous bravery or some daring or pre-eminent valour or self-sacrifice other than in the face of the enemy.