Assam Current Affairs - 2019

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IAF AN-32 Aircraft Missing

Indian Air Force’s AN-32 transport aircraft goes missing after taking off from Jorhat in Assam. The airborne aircraft had total 13 people on board including eight aircrew and five passengers.

Key Highlights

  • AN-32 aircraft got airborne on 3 June from Jorhat at 12:27 p.m. for Mechuka Advanced Landing Ground (only 29 kms from the China border), in Mechuka Valley in West Siang District of Arunachal Pradesh. It last contacted ground agencies at around 1:00 p.m. after that there has been was no contact with the aircraft.
  • Since the aircraft lost the contact and did not reach the destination also Indian Air Force initiated overdue actions.

Search Operation:

  • C 130J Super Hercules aircraft, AN-32 military transport aircraft, two Mi-17 (medium twin-turbine transport helicopter)of Indian Air Force (IAF) and ALH (Advanced Light Helicopters) helicopter of Indian Army were launched to locate the missing aircraft.
  • Helicopters were routed to the location after some ground reports were received about possible location of a crash site however no wreckage has been sighted so far.
  • IAF is in continuous coordination with Indian Army and with various government and civil agencies to locate the missing aircraft.
  • The Search operation to locate the missing IAF AN-32 aircraft is underway with operation from air by IAF and by ground parties of Indian Army and the Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP).

About Anton AN-32

  • It is a tactical transport aircraft and is an extensive used by Indian Air Force (IAF).
  • It has been in service since 1984 and has been a trustworthy workhorse for the IAF for many years.
  • Specification: As the service ceiling of Antonov An-32 turboprop aircraft is 31,000ft so it flies lower and slower (with a cruising speed of 470 kmph) than most commercial jetliners (which have a service ceiling of 40,000ft), thus this gives lesser room for the An-32 to outrun bad weather or climb over it.

Month: Categories: Defence & Security

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India Rhino will soon have DNA Database

The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) has undertaken a project to create DNA Profiles of all rhinos present in India. The project which would formally be underway by end of 2019 is set to be completed by 2021 (project’s deadline).

Key Facts

About: After the completion of project, Indian rhino could become India’s first wild animal species to have all its members DNA-sequenced. The database so collected will be hosted in Wildlife Institute of India (WII) headquarters in Dehradun.

Project Highlights: The project being undertaken is a subset of India’s larger, already ongoing Rhino Conservation Programme.

Population: In India, there are about 2,600 rhinos and more than 90% of Indian Rhino population is concentrated in Kaziranga National Park, Assam.

Since 1980s, Indian government is trying to move significant number of rhinos out of Kaziranga. The aim behind it is in interest of the species’ conservation, threats they face from poaching and challenges to their current habitat. Some other locations for translocating are in Assam itself like Manas National Park and Pobitara Wildlife Sancutary.

Project Proponents: includes World Wide Fund for Nature-India (WWF-India) and Centre-funded Wildlife Institute of India (WII).

Current Updates: around 60 samples of tissue of rhinos living outside Kaziranga have been collected so far and researchers are also extracting DNA samples from dung.

Importance: DNA Database exercise would be useful to curb killing and poaching and collecting evidence in wildlife crimes involving rhinos.

Rhino Species: There are three species of rhinos, out of which only one species ‘the Indian rhino’ is found in India.

Month: Categories: Environment & Biodiversity

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