Assam Rifles Current Affairs - 2020

War Memorial built by Assam Rifles in Nagaland

The Assam Rifles has constructed war memorial for 357 personnel who sacrificed their lives fighting against insurgency in the North Eastern State. The Memorial is first of its kind in the state. It has been constructed at Mokokchung in Assam.

Highlights

The War Memorial has been designed in concentric circular form. It has three converging posts signifying all the three forces Army, Assam Rifles and Air Force.

Assam Rifles

It is the oldest paramilitary force in india. It was called the “Cachar Levy”. The four forces namely Assam Frontier Police, Eastern Bengal Military Force, Assam Military Police and the Assam Military Force were joined to form the Assam Rifles in 1917. The predecessor forces of Assam Rifles have served in World War I, Middle East and Europe. Assam Rifles participated in World War II.

Assam Rifles operate under Home Ministry. Since 2000, they are guarding the Indo-Myanmar Barrier under “one border one force” policy of Government of India.

Veer Samriti

Veer Samriti is the second world war cemetery located in Kohima.

All CAPF personnel will now retire at a uniform age of 60 years: Govt

As per a recent order issued by Union Home Ministry, all Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs) personnel will now retire at a uniform age of 60 years instead of 57 years for certain rank of officials. All these forces come under ambit of Union Home Ministry and are deployed across India to render a variety of internal security duties including border guarding, counterterrorism, anti-Naxal operations, and maintenance of law and order.

Home Ministry Order

The order issued by Home Ministry has corrected anomaly where CAPF personnel between ranks of Constable to Commandant in 4 forces- Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Border Security Force (BSF), Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) and Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB) superannuated at age of 57, instead of 60. While officers from rank of Deputy Inspector General upto top-most rank of Director General in these 4 forces retired after attaining age of 60.

Present Scenario:

Those personnel who have retired at 57 years in between court order and Home Ministry directive will now have two options-

  1. either to join service after returning all pensionary benefits (or)
  2. straightaway get all pension benefits as due to them as on completion of 60 years of service.

While those CAPF personnel who had retired and approached court for clarification or were granted stay will be deemed as ‘not superannuated’ and will continue their service till 60 years of age.

Background

According to existing policy, all personnel in Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) and Assam Rifles (AR) retire at age of 60. However, in CRPF, ITBP, SSB and BSF personnel from ranks of constable to commandant retire at age of 57, while those above them superannuate at age of 60.

Delhi HC Order: This development of uniform age pertains to a January order given by High Court of Delhi, where it had called current policy of different age of superannuation in these 4 forces (CRPF, BSF, ITBP, SSB) as ‘discriminatory and unconstitutional’ and said such difference creates two classes in uniformed forces. Recent order issued by Home Ministry direct all forces to comply with court order and amend provisions of rules.

NOTE

Five forces namely, CISF, CRPF, BSF, ITBP and SSB which come under Union Home Ministry were earlier considered paramilitary forces, but from March 2011 have been reclassified as Central Armed Police Forces to avoid confusion.

Also ‘Paramilitary forces’ in India has not been defined officially or in any acts, however they are currently used to refer-

  1. Assam Rifles (AR): It under administrative control of Ministry of Home Affairs but operational control under Indian Army.
  2. Special Frontier Force (SFF)