Assam Current Affairs - 2020

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Assam Cabinet nod to make Assamese the state language

On December 23, 2019, the Assam Cabinet nodded to make Assamese language the state language of Assam. This will exclude BTAD (Bodoland Territorial Administrative Districts), Barak Valley and Hill districts of Assam.

Highlights

The cabinet has also suggested that Assamese will be made compulsory in all schools of Assam. The move comes in the wake of rising insecurities among Assamese population in the state. After the passing of Citizenship Amendment Bill, there has been an increased wave of insecurity in the Brahmaputra Valley.

In order make the move successful, the Central Government will now have to amend Article 345. If amended the article will remove fears of people fighting for their rights to culture and language in the region.

Current Scenario

Currently Assamese and Bodo are the official languages in Assam. However, certain districts of Assam in Barak valley use Bengali as official language

Article 345

Article 345 says that subject to provisions of Article 346 and 347, the state legislature might adopt one or more languages to be used as official languages.

  • Article 346 states that the states are authorized to decide on the language of communications amongst them and with the centre. However, such a language should have been authorized by the centre
  • Article 347 provides special provisions to language spoken to a section of a population. The President if satisfied shall assent on usage of the language.

The factor of amendment comes in as the Assam Government intends to exclude a section of the state which is against the current constitutional provisions.

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Assam govt. sets up Anti Depredation Squads to avoid human-wildlife conflicts

The state government of Assam has set up 15 Anti-Depredation Squads of Forest department to deal with human-wildlife conflicts in state. The squads would help Forest Department to reduce casualties in conflict situations.

About Anti-Depredation Squads

These squads will be stationed in 15 major human-wildlife conflict districts of Assam to deal with problem and ensure the safety of both humans and animals. They will be equipped with all logistics required for mitigating conflict and will have 12 bore pump action guns and rubber bullet ammunition.

State Forest Department has engaged specially trained 50 front line staff to handle conflict situations with 100 more staff to be trained in coming days.

Need: The loss of lives of both humans and animals is unwarranted and squads must spread awareness about avoiding man-animal conflicts. There is also a need to bring casualties to zero by completely reducing man-animal conflict situations. Moreover, the peaceful coexistence is a must for both man and animals. and urged the people of the state to cooperate with the squads in spreading awareness about animal behaviour.

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