Assam Current Affairs - 2020

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Assam: No Govt. jobs for people with more than 2 children

On October 21, 2019, the Assam Cabinet decided that no Government jobs will be provided to persons with more than 2 children after 1 January 2021. In September 2017, the Assam government had passed the “Population and Women Empowerment Policy of Assam”. Under the policy, job candidates with two children alone would be eligible for government employment and the existing government staff were to strictly follow the two children family norms.

Significance: India

According to 2011 census Indian population is 121.08 crores. The current population of India, the second most populous country in the world is 133.92 crores (2017) according to World Bank. China being the most populous country has a population of 138 crores (2017) according to World Bank Data. However, the population density of China (375 per sq km) is less than the population density of India (416 per sq km)

Significance: Assam

Population of Assam is 3.09 crores. Population Density of Assam is 398 per sq km (greater than that of China). The population in Assam has grown exponentially higher as compared to other states. The history of population growth in Assam is as follows

  • 2013-31.86 million
  • 2104-32.28 million
  • 2015-33.41 million
  • 2016-33.90 million
  • 2017-34.92 million

It is clearly evident that the population in Assam has been growing by a million every year.

Reasons for Population Explosion in Assam

Migration is the major cause for the population explosion in Assam. Even in the past between 1901 and 2011, population in Assam has increased 9 times. The major explosion happened during the 1971 war. The prevailing conditions in Bangladesh during its liberation forced many Pakistani refugees to migrate to Assam. Illiteracy is another major cause for population explosion in Assam.

Assam’s Dikom Tea Estate brand fetches ‘record’ Rs.75,000/kg

A rare variety of tea named ‘Golden Butterfly’ from Upper Assam’s Dikom Tea Estate set a new record on as it was auctioned for Rs.75,000 per kg at Guwahati Tea Auction Centre (GTAC). It broke the record for highest price fetched by a tea at a public auction for 3rd time in a fortnight.

Key Highlights

The exceptionally rare and special tea was sold through J Thomas and Company and was purchased by city- based Assam Tea Traders, one of the oldest tea shops.

Judging Criteria: An exotic tea is judged by its taste, aroma and colour. This ‘Golden Butterfly’ tea is characterised by extremely mellow and sweet caramel flavour.

Guwahati Tea Auction Centre: It is emerging as a centre for showcasing high-priced Assam speciality tea. In the tea sector GTAC has created an image of a place where records are meant to be broken.

In July 2019, GTAC witnessed two big records, when orthodox variety ‘Maijan Golden Tips‘, a hand-rolled and sun dried speciality tea fetched a price of Rs.70,501/kg and another specialty orthodox tea variety, named ‘Manohari Gold’ (from Manohari Gold Estate in Dibrugarh), was sold at Rs.50,000/Kg. GTAC is providing an opportunity to sellers who want to sell their tea at remunerative prices.

About ‘Golden Butterfly’ Tea

Unique: Golden Butterfly is made of tea buds and not tea leaves. It is the bud which lends tea liquor a full-bodies, bright-yellowish colour, unlike usual leaf-based tea from Assam which gives brew a black colour.

Naming: Buds are plucked from bushes in evening, when swarms of butterflies descend on them to rest. Hence, the name Butterfly.

It reflects the meticulous care and attention to crop husbandry in Dikom’s tea plantations. This surreal experience, of walking along rows of tea bushes teeming with butterflies, is out of the world,

Unlike Golden Butterfly, ‘Maijan Golden Tips’ and ‘Manohari Gold’ are made from buds plucked early in morning before sun alters aroma and flavour.