Assam Current Affairs - 2020

Jal Jeevan Mission: Funds allocated to Assam and Bihar

The Central Government has allocated Rs 1,832 crores to Bihar and Rs 1,407 crores to Assam under Jal Jeevan Mission.

Assam

In Assam, the Jal Jeevan mission aims to provide tap connections to over 13 lakh rural households by 2020-21. The state aims weaker and marginalized sections on priority basis. Village Action Plans have been framed with active participation of the rural community.

Under the mission, the state will also aim at providing employment to the migrant workers returning to homes. The mission will provide jobs such as fitting, plumbing and water conservation.

Bihar

With the help of funds allocated, the Bihar Government will offer tap connections to more than 50 lakh households. The Government is focusing on aspirational districts and SC ST villages.

Jal Jeevan Mission

The Mission aims to supply 55 litres of water to all rural household by 2024. The mission will create necessary infrastructure such as ground water recharge, rainwater harvest and management of household waste water for reuse.

Exploration underneath Assam National Park receives Environmental Clearance

On May 20, 2020, the major exploration by the Oil India Limited beneath the Dibru-Saikhowa National Park of Assam received environmental clearance. There were concerns that the project would affect the flora and fauna in the region. The park is the only region in India that supports feral horses.

Highlights

The Oil India Limited (OIL) has received environmental clearance from MoEFCC (Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change) to extend drilling and testing of hydrocarbons.

The OIL is to implement extended reach drilling technology for which the company had obtained permission in 2016.

The company will down carry out hydrocarbon exploration 1.5 km outside the demarcated area of the park. The company has been performing explorations in the region for more than 15 years.

Feral Horse

The Feral horse is not a true wild horse. The only true wild horse that exists today is the Przewalski’s horse, that are native to Central Asia. The Prezewalski horse was first classified as extinct by the IUCN red list. Later, they were reclassified as critically endangered in 2008 and endangered in 2011.

Australia has the largest population of feral horses in the world.

Extended Reach Drilling

The Extended Reach Drilling Technology is directional drilling beneath the earth. The technology aims to reach larger area and longer distances. It is done to maximize productivity and drainage capability.