Assam Current Affairs - 2019
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The data from the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs has revealed the following facts about the implementation status of AMRUT Yojana:
- With only a year to the deadline, only 20 per cent of the total projects were completed utilising 3 per cent of the total funds approved.
- States like Bihar and Assam were not able to complete even a single project.
- Tamil Nadu topped the list by completing 378 projects. Tamil Nadu was the only State to have completed more than 300 projects.
- West Bengal with the completion of 194 projects stands distant second.
- Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Kerala have completed more than 50 projects.
- Work is in progress for 3,222 projects at a cost of Rs 53,319 crore.
Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT)
Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) launched in 2015 aims to establish an infrastructure that could ensure adequate robust sewage networks and water supply for urban transformation. The AMRUT aimed to
- Ensure that every household has access to tap with an assured supply of water and a sewerage connection.
- Increase the amenity value of cities by developing greenery and well maintained open spaces (e.g. parks).
- Reduce pollution by switching to public transport or constructing facilities for non-motorized transport (e.g. walking and cycling).
The Union Government funds 50 per cent of project cost for cities with a population of up to 10 lakhs each and one-third of project cost for cities with a population of above 10 lakhs each.
AMRUT aimed at providing better infrastructure to cities with a population of more than one lakh, cities on the banks of main rivers, state capitals, cities under HRIDAY scheme and so on. The mission period is up to March 2020.
PM Modi inaugurated the Bogibeel Bridge on the birth anniversary of the late Atal Bihari Vajpayee i.e. December 25 which is observed as “Good Governance Day”. This 4.9 km-long bridge is the nation’s only fully welded bridge and for the first time European codes and welding standards were adhered to and it has a life of about 120 years.
The Bogibeel Bridge connects the southern bank of the Brahmaputra River in Assam’s Dibrugarh district with Silapathar in Dhemaji district, bordering Arunachal Pradesh. This Double-Track and three-lane Road Bridge will be the lifeline of the north-eastern part of India
The railroad bridge is constructed at a cost of Rs 5,900 crore and it is Asia’s second-longest railroad bridge. The bridge is part of infrastructure projects planned to improve logistics along the border in Arunachal Pradesh which includes the construction of a trans-Arunachal highway on the Brahmaputra’s north bank, and new road and rail links over the river and its major tributaries.
Benefits of the Bridge
The bridge is referred to as “Lifeline of Assam”, It is an asset for the entire north-eastern region. The benefits of the bridge include:
- It reduces travel time from Assam to Arunachal Pradesh to four hours and will eliminate a detour of over 170 km via Tinsukia.
- It also reduces the train travel time between Delhi and Dibrugarh by about three hours.
- The bridge will also play an important role in defence of the country by facilitating ease of mobility to the India-China border in Arunachal Pradesh and also the three road lanes of the bridge can act as three landing strips for the Air Force.
The foundation stone for the Bogibeel Bridge was laid by former Prime Minister HD Deve Gowda on January 22, 1997. The work had begun on 21st April 2002, under the Atal Bihari Vajpayee led government. It is now inaugurated on the birth anniversary of the former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee.